Zanthoxylum nitidum

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Zanthoxylum nitidum
Zanthoxylum nitidum.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Zanthoxylum
Species: Z. nitidum
Binomial name
Zanthoxylum nitidum
(Roxb.) DC.[1][2]
  • Fagara hamiltoniana (Wall.) Engl.
  • Fagara nitida Roxb.
  • Fagara warburgii Perkins
  • Zanthoxylum hamiltonianum Wall.
  • Zanthoxylum hirtellum Ridl.
  • Zanthoxylum torvum F. Muell.
Zanthoxylum nitidum in Hong Kong

Zanthoxylum nitidum is a species of flowering plant in the citrus family. Common names include shiny-leaf prickly-ash.[4] In Assamese it is known as tez-mui[1] and tejamool.[5] It is also called liang mian zhen.[6]

This plant can be found in South China, southeast Asia and northern Australia. It is one of thirteen Zanthoxylum species found in India.[1]

The plant is a "morphologically variable" prickly shrub.[1] It is aromatic. It is sometimes a climbing plant. The leaves are made up of several leathery oval leaflets which are up to 12 by 8 centimeters in size. Flowers, which occur in the leaf axils, have yellow-green petals a few millimeters long. The fruit is a red-brown follicle.[6]

A great many species of Zanthoxylum are used as medicine in various parts of the world.[7] This species is used medicinally in India for many purposes, including the treatment of toothache, fever, cough, vomiting, and diarrhea. It is also used as an insecticide and a piscicide.[1] In China it is also used medicinally for pain management and other purposes.[8] It may protect the stomach from peptic ulcers.[5] Extracts from some parts of the plant have antibacterial action.[9] The plant contains the anticancer compound nitidine.[10]

In India and Nepal, the fruits are used as a condiment.[11] It has been added to toothpaste to enhance its efficacy.[12]

This species contains many essential oils, including, at least in some varieties, limonene and geraniol.[11] It also contains the alkaloid nitidine.[13]


  1. ^ a b c d e Bhattacharya, S., Zaman, M. Kamaruz, and Ghosh, Ashoke K. (2009). Histological and physico-chemical evaluation of Zanthoxylum nitidum stem bark. Ethnobotanical Leaflets 13 540-47.
  2. ^ Bhattacharya, Sanjib and M. Kamaruz Zaman. (2009). Pharmacognostical evaluation of Zanthoxylum nitidum bark. International Journal of PharmTech Research 1:2 292-98.
  3. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
  4. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network
  5. ^ a b Bhattacharya, Sanjib and K. Zaman. (2012). Protective effect of Zanthoxylum nitidum bark in chemical and stress induced gastric mucosal lesions in male albino rats. International Journal of Pharmacology. 8(5) 450-54.
  6. ^ a b Flora of China
  7. ^ Patiño, L. O. J., Prieto, R. J. A., and S. L. E. Cuca. (2012). Zanthoxylum genus as potential source of bioactive compounds. In: Bioactive Compounds in Phytomedicine I. Rasooli, Ed.
  8. ^ Zou, Yun. (2011). Fast analysis of Zanthoxylum nitidum using Agilent Poroshell 120 EC-18 columns. Agilent Technologies.
  9. ^ Bhattacharya, Sanjib, M. K. Zaman, and P. K. Haldar. (2009). Antibacterial activity of stem bark and root of Indian Zanthoxylum nitidum. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research. 2:1 30-34.
  10. ^ Jing, C., Qun, X., and J. Rohrer. (2012). Determination of nitidine chloride, toddalolactone, and chelerythine chloride by HPLC. Thermo Fisher Scientific.
  11. ^ a b Bhattacharya, Sanjib and Kamaruz Zaman. (2009). Essential oil composition of fruits and leaves of Zanthoxylum nitidum grown in upper Assam region of India. Pharmacognosy Research 1:3 148-51.
  12. ^ Negi, J. S., et al. (2011). Chemical constituents and biological activities of the genus Zanthoxylum: A review. African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry. 5:12 412-16.
  13. ^ Zhang, S; Yao, Y; Liu, C (2001). "Determination of nitidine in different parts of Zanthoxylum nitidum". Zhong yao cai = Zhongyaocai = Journal of Chinese medicinal materials (in Chinese) 24 (9): 649–50. PMID 11799776.