Zaporizhia Nuclear Power Plant

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Zaporizhia Nuclear Power Station
Kernkraftwerk Saporischschja.JPG
The six units of the Zaporizhia NPP.
Zaporizhia Nuclear Power Plant is located in Ukraine
Zaporizhia Nuclear Power Plant
Location of Zaporizhia Nuclear Power Station
Official name Запорізька АЕС
Country Ukraine
Location Enerhodar
Coordinates 47°30′44″N 34°35′09″E / 47.51222°N 34.58583°E / 47.51222; 34.58583Coordinates: 47°30′44″N 34°35′09″E / 47.51222°N 34.58583°E / 47.51222; 34.58583
Status Operational
Construction began 1981
Commission date 1985
Owner(s) Energoatom
Nuclear power station
Reactor type VVER
Reactor supplier Mintyazhmash
Power generation
Units operational 6 × 1,000 MWe
Make and model Electrotyazhmash
Nameplate capacity 6,000 MWe
Annual generation 9×1019 Joule

The Zaporizhia Nuclear Power Station (Ukrainian: Запорізька АЕС) in Ukraine is the largest nuclear power plant in Europe and the fifth largest in the world.

The plant is located in Central Ukraine near the city of Enerhodar, on the banks of the Kakhovka Reservoir on the Dnieper river. It has 6 VVER-1000 pressurized light water nuclear reactors, each generating 1000 MWe, for a total power output of 6,000 MWe.[1] The first five were successively brought online between 1985 and 1989, and the sixth was added in 1995. The plant generates about half of the country's electricity derived from nuclear power, and more than a fifth of total electricity generated in Ukraine.

2014 pro-Russian conflict[edit]

In May 2014 40 armed men tried to gain acces to the power plant area.[2] The men were stopped by the Ukrainian police.[3]

The Zaporizhia power plant is located around 200km away from the Anti-Terrorist-Operation (ATO) zone, where fighting has become very severe in 2014. On 31st of August 2014, a Greenpeace expert has declared that there is a threat of overheating of the plant if the fighting spreads to Zaporizhia Oblast and the plant is hit by heavy artillery or the power supply to the plant is cut off. Cutting off the power supply would lead to the failure of the cooling towers. Overheating would lead to the meltdown of the energy blocks, as in the case of Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster.[4]

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