Zaporizhia Oblast

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Zaporizhia Oblast
Запорізька область
Zaporiz'ka oblast’
Oblast
Flag of Zaporizhia Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Zaporizhia Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Запоріжжя (Zaporizhzhya)
Zaporizhia in Ukraine (claims hatched).svg
Country  Ukraine
Administrative center Zaporizhia
Government
 • Governor Valeriy Baranov[1] (People's Party[1])
 • Oblast council ? seats
 • Chairperson Oleksandr Nefodorov (Party of Regions)
Area
 • Total 27,180 km2 (10,490 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 9th
Population (2005)
 • Total 1,877,200
 • Rank Ranked 9th
 • Density 69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Official language(s) Ukrainian
Russian[2][3]
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code ?
Area code +380-61
ISO 3166 code UA-23
Raions 20
Cities (total)
— Regional cities
14
5
Urban-type settlements 23
Villages 920
FIPS 10-4 UP26
Website www.zoda.gov.ua

Zaporizhia Oblast (Ukrainian: Запорізька область, translit. Zaporiz'ka oblast’; also referred to as ZaporizhzhyaUkrainian: Запоріжжя) is an oblast (province) of southern Ukraine. Its capital is Zaporizhia.

This oblast is an important part of Ukraine's industry and agriculture.

Geography[edit]

The area of the province is 27,200 km²; its population (as of 2004-05-01) is 1.9 million.

Important cities include:

History[edit]

The Zaporizhia Oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on January 10, 1939.

The territory of the oblast came under the dominion of the Golden Horde after the fall of Kievan Rus'. The steppes off of the Dnieper River were subsequently ruled by the Crimean Khanate, beginning in 1445.

From the 15th century to the 18th century, the northern parts of the province belonged to the Zaporizhian Sich – a self-governed military republic of the Cossacks.

The SBU thwarted an attempt to blow up a railway line in the Zaporizhia Oblast, and found that the suspects were carrying maps and explosives on July 8, 2014.

Points of interest[edit]

The following sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

Subdivisions[edit]

The Zaporizhia Oblast is administratively subdivided into 20 raions (districts) as well as 5 cities (municipalities) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Berdiansk, Enerhodar, Melitopol, Tokmak, and the administrative center of the oblast, Zaporizhia.

Raions of the Zaporizhia Oblast
In English In Ukrainian Administrative Center
Berdianskyi Raion Бердянський район
Berdians'kyi raion
Berdiansk
(City)
Chernihivskyi Raion Чернігівський район
Chernihivs'kyi raion
Chernihivka
(Urban-type settlement)
Huliaipilskyi Raion Гуляйпільський район
Huliaipils'kyi raion
Huliaipole
(City)
Kamyansko-Dniprovskyi Raion Кам'янсько-Дніпровський район
Kamyans'ko-Dniprovs'kyi raion
Kamyanka-Dniprovska
(City)
Kuibyshevskyi Raion Куйбишевський район
Kuibyshevs'kyi raion
Kuibysheve
(Urban-type settlement)
Melitopolskyi Raion Мелітопольський район
Melitopolskyi raion
Melitopol
(City)
Mykhailivskyi Raion Михайлівський район
Mykhailivs'kyi raion
Mykhailivka
(Urban-type settlement)
Novomykolaivskyi Raion Новомиколаївський район
Novomykolayivs'kyi raion
Novomykolaivka
(Urban-type settlement)
Orikhivskyi Raion Оріхівський район
Orikhivs'kyi raion
Orikhiv
(City)
Polohivskyi Raion Пологівський район
Polohivs'kyi raion
Polohy
(City)
Pryazovskyi Raion Приазовський район
Pry-azovs'kyi raion
Pryazovske
(Urban-type settlement)
Prymorskyi Raion Приморський район
Prymors'kyi raion
Prymorsk
(City)
Rozivskyi Raion Розівський район
Rozivs'kyi raion
Rozivka
(Urban-type settlement)
Tokmatskyi Raion Токмацький район
Tokmats'kyi raion
Tokmak
(City)
Vasylivskyi Raion Василівський район
Vasylivs'kyi raion
Vasylivka
(City)
Velykobilozerskyi Raion Великобілозерський район
Velykobilozers'kyi raion
Velyka Bilozerka
(Village)
Veselivskyi Raion Веселівський район
Veselivs'kyi raion
Vesele
(Urban-type settlement)
Vilnianskyi Raion Вільнянський район
Vilnians'kyi raion
Vilniansk
(City)
Yakymivskyi Raion Якимівський район
Yakymivs'kyi raion
Yakymivka
(Urban-type settlement)
Zaporizkyi Raion Запорізький район
Zaporiz'kyi raion
Zaporizhia
(City)
Year Fertility Birth Year Fertility Birth Year Fertility Birth
1990 1,7 25 960 2000 1,0 13 900 2010 1,3 18 018
1991 1,7 24 739 2001 1,0 14 010 2011 1,4 18 198
1992 1,5 22 624 2002 1,1 14 865
1993 1,4 20 881 2003 1,1 15 301
1994 1,3 19 265 2004 1,1 16 091
1995 1,2 17 820 2005 1,2 15 862
1996 1,2 16 764 2006 1,2 17 241
1997 1,1 16 234 2007 1,3 17 591
1998 1,1 14 968 2008 1,4 18 901
1999 1,0 13 880 2009 1,4 18 409

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census the population of the region is 1,929,200. Some 70.8% consider themselves Ukrainians, while 24.7% are Russians, the rest are of assorted nationalities including Bulgarians (1.4%), Belarusians (0.7%), and others (1.6%). Just under half the population (48.2%) considers the Russian language to be their native tongue, while a majority (50.2%) considers the Ukrainian language to be their native tongue.

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 13.5% Increase (male 124,285/female 116,613)
15-64 years: 70.7% Decrease (male 598,849/female 662,838)
65 years and over: 15.8% Steady (male 91,051/female 190,818) (2013 official)

Median age[edit]

total: 41.2 years Increase
male: 37.5 years Increase
female: 44.8 years Increase (2013 official)

Education[edit]

679 daytime and 11 evening state schools plus 6 daytime schools that are non-budget supported secondary schools involved 271400 pupils in 2001. 22 classical schools, 8 Lyceums, a Sichovy Collegium and 54 education-breeding complex bodies aren't out of reach to gifted children. New style 38 complex kindergarten-schools work too.[4]

Over 60000 children develop their talents through out-of-school institutions. They attend 30 creative centres, 6 science-technical stations and four young naturalists stations, five tourists clubs, three training flotillas, 11 children's sport clubs and 20 sport schools. Extra-scholastic education system has such a unique body as the Small Academy of Science. Boys and girls work there in six main disciplines: physics-mathematics, chemistry-biology, history-geography, philology, industrial and information technologies. The Small Academy young members maintain close friendship relations with scientists of big institutes and universities. 26 youngsters became winners of the All-Ukrainian Academy contest, so Zaporizhia regional team gained the 1-st place.

325 secondary schools, five classical schools, a Collegium and three complex-schools use the Ukrainian language. Nevertheless, the minorities have a free choice — 193 schools are Russian, a large Jewish school «Alef» works in Zaporizhia and smaller ones exist in other points, a Ukrainian-Bulgarian Lyceum is in Primorsky district. The Greek, Czech, Bulgarian languages are very popular in Yakimivsky, Berdyansky, Priazovsky and Melitopole rural districts. One may learn Hebrew, Yiddish, German, Polish, Tatar and other languages attending option courses anywhere.

Specialists keep on looking for an adaptive school model. 26 institutions develop the humanization process using new teaching technologies. The Khortitsky multi-profile teaching-rehabilitation centre has worked out methods for complete support of sanatorium-boarding-schools' children. Berdyansk is the town where a Regional boarding school for orphans works out active socialization programs.

42 institutions provide vocational education. This system distribute well-trained workers to regional industry and business. The list of specialities includes over 100 names. Vocational schools give courses for improving qualification in cooperation with unemployment centres. More than 1500 jobless persons get new professions every year due it.

The higher education system is the most flexible and advanced. Today 25 state-controlled technical colleges have I-II class rank and 8 higher institutions have III-IV class certificates. These are University and the Technical University, the Medical University, the Engineering Academy and the Institute of Law with Ministry of Internal Affairs in Zaporizhia City, the Pedagogical University, the Agricultural Academy in Melitopole and the Pedagogical Institute in Berdyansk. There are also five higher education private bodies — the Institute of Economics and Information Technologies, the State and Municipal Government Institute and the others. Over 65000 people are the students in this region. There are 212 Doctors of Science and 1420 Candidates of Science among their lecturers. Zaporizhia City is one of the biggest centres for foreigners' education in Ukraine.

The International Astronomical Union named two minor planets «Khadzhinov» and «Vikchemov» in honour of our countrymen who made a significant contribution in science and education.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Southeastern Ukraine gets invasion of Russian protesters, Kyiv Post (March 7, 2014)
    Turchynov reshuffles governors of Zaporizhia and Chernihiv regions, Kyiv Post (March 7, 2014)
  2. ^ Romanian becomes regional language in Bila Tserkva in Zakarpattia region, Kyiv Post (24 September 2012)
  3. ^ "Русский язык стал региональным в Севастополе, Донецкой и Запорожской обл.". RosBusinessConsulting. 16 August 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Запорізька область: Ілюстрована енциклопедія. [Т.2]: Архітектура і містобудування. Культура. Економіка. Райони області / К.С. Карафін, О. І. Красюк. -Запоріжжя : Дике Поле, 2004. - 293 с.

Further reading[edit]

  • (Ukrainian) Запорізька область: Ілюстрована енциклопедія. [Т.2]: Архітектура і містобудування. Культура. Економіка. Райони області / К.С. Карафін, О. І. Красюк. -Запоріжжя : Дике Поле, 2004. - 293 с.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°50′N 35°10′E / 47.833°N 35.167°E / 47.833; 35.167