Zaragoza tram

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Map of the Zaragoza tram. In blue, lines designed for 2015.

The Zaragoza Tram (Spanish: Tranvía de Zaragoza) is a tram system in the Spanish city of Zaragoza, capital of the autonomous community of Aragon. Line 1 will be expanded with a second and third line.

History[edit]

Old Zaragoza tram, #218, in the Museo Vasco del Ferrocarril (Basque Railway Museum).

In 1885, the first animal traction tram line was established.[citation needed]

In 1902, Zaragoza had five main lines and one secondary line. In the same year, one of the lines were electrified. The network was expanding quickly in a radial form across the city, with the present Spain square as the center.

The 1950s was the heydey of the Zaragoza Tram.

From the 1960s, the tram system declined, with little or no investment and was gradually converted to bus operation

On 23 January 1976 the last Zaragoza tram line (Parque-San José) disappeared and the company changed its name to Transportes Urbanos de Zaragoza (Urban Transport Company of Zaragoza).

10 June 2009 The Traza consortium of Tuzsa, CAF, FCC Construcción, Acciona, Ibercaja and Concessia selected to build new tramway.[1]

19 April 2011 Phase 1 of Line 1 opened.[2] Phase 2 of the work of the new tram line 1 began for completion in mid-2013.[2]

For 2015, two more lines are likely to be operational:

Line 1 (Valdespartera-Parque Goya)[edit]

Stop of the new Zaragoza Tram
Line 1
Avenida de la Academia
Parque Goya
Carhouse
Juslibol
Campus Río Ebro
 A-2  /  Z-40  /  E90 
Ronda Norte
Margarita Xirgú
García Abril
Legaz Lacambra
Adolfo Aznar
Clara Campoamor
Pablo Neruda
Rosalía de Castro
León Felipe
Martínez Soria
María Montessori
La Chimenea
Ebro River
Plaza del Pilar
César Augusto
Line 2 (proposed)
Lines 2 & 3 (proposed)
Plaza España
Plaza Aragón
Line 3 (proposed)
Huerva River (in tunnel)
Phase 2 / Phase 1
Gran Vía Bis
original (temporary)
location
Gran Vía
Huerva River
(into tunnel under railway)
Goya Cercanias Logo.svg Aiga bus on red circle.svg
Fernando el Católico
Plaza San Francisco
Aiga bus on green circle.svg Aiga bus on red circle.svg
Emperador Carlos V
Aiga bus on red circle.svg
Romareda
 Z-30 
Tercer Cinturón
Aiga bus on red circle.svg
Casablanca
Aragonese Imperial Channel
Aiga bus on green circle.svg Aiga bus on red circle.svg
Argualas
Carhouse
Aiga bus on red circle.svg
Paseo de los Olvidados
Los Pájaros Aiga bus on red circle.svg
Aiga bus on red circle.svg La Ventana Indiscreta
Cantando Bajo la Lluvia
Un Americano en París
Aiga bus on red circle.svg
Mago de Oz
Cercanias Logo.svg 
Cercanías Zaragoza (Renfe)
Aiga bus on red circle.svg
Transportes Urbanos de Zaragoza
(Zaragoza Urban Transport)

 
Aiga bus on green circle.svg
Consorcio de Transportes
del Área de Zaragoza

(Zaragoza Area Transport Consortium)
Line 2
Los Enlaces
Rioja
Calanda
Cercanías Zaragoza
Plaza de la Ciudadanía
Portillo
Portillo
César Augusto
Line 1
Lines 1 & 3*
Phase 1
Phase 2
Coso
Line 3*
Plaza San Miguel
Compromiso de
Caspe-Miguel Servet
Numancia or
Cesáreo Alierta
Jorge Cocci
Plaza Utrillas or
Tenor Fleta-San José
Doctor Iranzo
Miraflores or
Glorieta de la Balseta
San Adrián de Sasabe

Alignment still to be finalized
* Line 3 still in planning stage

The full north-south line will have 25 stops with side platforms except in two of them. The average distance between consecutive stops is about 500 m, adding a total length of 12.8 km line, which will be traversed to a commercial speed of 19 km/h, completing the course in 40 minutes, 19 minutes for the journey Academia General Militar-Plaza de España (Spain Square) and 21 minutes from Plaza de España to Plaza Cinema Paradiso (Valdespartera).

Construction work started on August 18, 2009 and is projected to last four years in two phases:

The estimated investment is 400 million euros:

  • Construction of the track and electrical system 202 million
  • Purchase of rolling stock: 82 million
  • Construction of the depot: 37 million
  • Private investment due to works' enhancing "private" facilities: 55 million
  • Traffic light system integration and other expenses: 25 million

The expected traffic in the project is around 100,000 passengers per day, with an average rate of 0.75 euros per passenger.

Trams[edit]

Tram on trials

The 21 CAF Urbos 3 trams are 33 m long, extendable to 43 m, a width of 2.65 m and a height of 3.2 m.[2] They have a capacity of 200 people, 54 seated and 146 standing (at 3.5 persons per m2).[1]

Electricity[edit]

The trams will mostly use conventional catenary, but in the historical city centre (between Plaza Paraíso and the Roman wall) they will use stored braking energy and, additionally, could receive power during stops, thanks to the ACR system.[2] Thus no overhead wires will be needed in the historic area.

References[edit]

External links[edit]