Zardozi

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Zardozi or Zar-douzi (Persian and Urdu: زَردوزی, Hindi: ज़रदोज़ी) work is a type of embroidery in Iran, India Pakistan and Bangladesh.

Etymology[edit]

Zardozi is a Persian word that means sewing with gold string.[citation needed]

Iran[edit]

Zardozi is one of the most important elements of Persian cultural signs and Handicrafts. It is known around the country by names such as zar-douzi (Persian: زردوزی‎), kam-douzi (Persian: کم‌دوزی‎), gol-douzi (Persian: گل‌دوزی‎) and kaman-douzi (Persian: کمان‌دوزی‎). Nowadays it is more popular in Hormozgan, especially in Bandar-e Lenge, Bandar-e Abbas, and Minab.[1]

Persian zardozi is of three kinds:

  • Some people completely sew the basic fabric with Bakhie (Persian: بخیه‎) in order to produce novel patterns and colors, such as the Baloch's Souzan-douzi (Persian: سوزن‌دوزی‎), Rasht's Qollab-douzi (Persian: قلاب‌دوزی‎) and Kerman's Pate-douzi (Persian: پَته‌دوزی‎).
  • Some sew with less density of work on the original fabric. They cross the strings throughout the woof of the fabric and sew them to each other to form a colorfully patterned lattice, such as sekke-douzi (Persian: سکّه‌دوزی‎) or qollab-douzi (Persian: قلاب‌دوزی‎) in Isfahan.
  • A third way is to sew a variety of patterns on the original fabric with gold and silver strings, such as Dah-Yek-Douzi (Persian: ده‌يک‌دوزی‎) (1 of 10 sewing which today is demode), Naqade-douzi (Persian: نقده‌دوزی‎), Tafte-douzi (Persian: تافته‌دوزی‎), Kous-douzi (Persian: خوس‌دوزی‎) Zari-douzi (Persian: زر‌دوزی‎) or Golabatoun-douzi (Persian: گلابتون‌دوزی‎).[1]

India[edit]

It prospered during the Mugal Emperor, Akbar, but later a loss of royal patronage and industrialization led to its decline. Today, it is popular in the Indian cities of Lucknow, Farrukhabad and Chennai.[2] In 2013 the Geographical Indication Registry (GIR) accorded the Geographical Indication (GI) registration to the Lucknow Zardozi – the world renowned textile embroidery from Lucknow. The Zardozi products manufactured in areas in Lucknow and six surrounding districts of Barabanki, Unnao, Sitapur, Rae Bareli, Hardoi and Amethi became a brand and can carry a registered logo to confirm their authenticity.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b گلابتون‌دوزی، آفتاب‌نيوز، 5 بهمن 1387
  2. ^ Zardozi in India- Zardozi Embroidery, Zardozi Work, Zardosi Embroidery in India, Indian Zari Embroidery
  3. ^ "Lucknow zardozi gets GI registration". The Business Standard. April 24, 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 

External links[edit]