Zares

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Really — Social Liberals
Leader Darja Radić (pro tempore)
Founded 2007
Split from Liberal Democracy of Slovenia
Headquarters Ljubljana
Ideology Social liberalism[1]
Political position Centre-left
International affiliation Liberal International (Observer)
European affiliation Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
European Parliament group no MEPs
Colours Orange
National Assembly
0 / 90
European Parliament
0 / 8
Website
http://www.zares.si
Politics of Slovenia
Political parties
Elections

Zares – Social Liberals (Slovene: Zares – socialno-liberalni) is a social-liberal[2][3] political party in Slovenia.

Its first president was Gregor Golobič, former Secretary General of the Liberal Democracy of Slovenia and former close advisor to the late Janez Drnovšek, who had previously abandoned active political involvement due to disagreements with his party. Until October 2011, the party was called Zares - New Politics (Zares - nova politika), when the party adopted its current title.[4][5]

The party supports a social progressive and economically social-democratic[citation needed] agenda, strongly supports the European Union and was a staunch opponent of the former Slovenian Prime Minister Janez Janša. Since 17 November 2007, Zares has been an observer member of the Liberal International,[6] and is also a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE).[7]

History[edit]

Zares was founded in 2007 as the result of a split within the Liberal Democracy of Slovenia, when 6 MPs of the National Assembly, led by former Minister of Economy Matej Lahovnik, left their original party and founded a new parliamentary group. In the 2007 presidential election, the party supported Independent presidential candidate Danilo Türk, who was elected President of Slovenia.

The party's first election, Zares gathered 9.4% of the vote, gaining 9 parliamentary seats and became the third strongest party in Slovenia. Before the election the party allied itself with the Social Democrats and the Liberal Democracy of Slovenia in an unofficial coalition. From November 2008 till October 2011, Zares was part of the centre-left government led by Social Democrats party president Borut Pahor. At the 2011 Slovenian parliamentary election on 4 December 2011, Zares won 0.65% of the vote, thus not reaching the parliamentary threshold of 4%.[8]

On 15 February 2012 Pavel Gantar got 78 % support on party congress and became the new president.[9] After party received only 0.91 % of votes in the 2014 European Parliament election, and thus losing the party's European parliament representation, Gantar resigned as party president.[10] He was replaced by Darja Radić as a pro tempore president.[11]

Prominent members[edit]

Leaders
Other prominent members
Other prominent former members

Ultra Scandal[edit]

In June 2009, Golobič was involved in a so-called Ultra Scandal named after the Slovenian IT company Ultra, where Golobič was employed between 2003 and 2007. He was accused of misleading the media about his investment into that company during the campaign for the 2008 parliamentary election. According to allegations, the company had some 21 million euro of unsecured loans at the state-owned Nova Ljubljanska Banka (NLB). When the media examined the loans, it came out that Golobič owns 10% of Ultra SUM, a Netherlands-based company which owns 70% of Ultra company. This was a fact that he had withheld from the public during the 2008 general election campaign. Golobič publicly apologized for having misled the public, but refused to resign as the minister of Higher Education, Science and Technology.[17] The Ultra Scandal was also one of the reasons for the decision of Matej Lahovnik, one of the co-founders of the party Zares, to leave the party in July 2010. Lahovnik, at the time Minister of Economy, mentioned Golobič's alleged misuse of political influence in order to favor his business partners as one of the reasons for his break with the party.[18] As a response, Golobič demanded that Lahovnik stepped down from his position of Minister of Economy and qualified his behavior as "Brutus-like", that is, treacherous.[19]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
  2. ^ Vít Hloušek; Lubomír Kopeček (1 June 2010). Origin, Ideology and Transformation of Political Parties: East-Central and Western Europe Compared. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. pp. 120–. ISBN 978-0-7546-7840-3. Retrieved 2 February 2013. 
  3. ^ Dimitri Almeida (27 April 2012). The Impact of European Integration on Political Parties: Beyond the Permissive Consensus. Taylor & Francis. pp. 102–. ISBN 978-1-136-34039-0. 
  4. ^ http://www.rtvslo.si/slovenija/golobic-zares-je-nepogresljiv-za-delovanje-parlamenta-ce-naj-bo-to-legitimno/268477
  5. ^ http://delo.si/novice/politika/v-zares-spremenili-ime-a-ohranili-predsednika.html
  6. ^ http://www.liberal-international.org/editorialIndex.asp?ia_id=524
  7. ^ http://www.aldeparty.eu/en/members/political-parties
  8. ^ "Republic of Slovenia Early Elections for Deputies to the National Assembly 2011: Election results". National Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  9. ^ RTVSLO.si - Na čelu Zaresa po novem Pavel Gantar
  10. ^ RTVSLO.si - Volitve s čela Zares odnesle tudi Pavla Gantarja
  11. ^ Dnevnik.si Zares začasno vodi Darja Radić
  12. ^ RTVSLO.si - Na čelu Zaresa po novem Pavel Gantar
  13. ^ RTVSLO.si - Na čelu Zaresa po novem Pavel Gantar
  14. ^ http://www.sta.si/en/vest.php?s=a&id=1531095
  15. ^ Slovenskenovice.si - Vse stranke premierke Bratušek in ministra Jakiča
  16. ^ Siol.net - V živo: Ivan Vogrin za mandatarja predlaga Dušana Radonjiča
  17. ^ Slovenia Times article - July edition, page 6 - retrieved 2009-07-14
  18. ^ "Lahovnik in Pahor odgovore prelagata na četrtek :: Prvi interaktivni multimedijski portal, MMC RTV Slovenija". Rtvslovenija.si. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  19. ^ "Golobič zanika konflikt interesov: Lahovnik ravnal brutalno in brutovsko :: Prvi interaktivni multimedijski portal, MMC RTV Slovenija". Rtvslovenija.si. 2010-04-14. Retrieved 2011-10-23.