Zarqa Governorate

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Zarqa Governorate (محافظة الزرقاء)
Governorate
Zarqa in Jordan.svg
Zarqa Governorate
Country Jordan
Subdivisions
Cities Russeifa, Azraq
Capital Zarqa
 - coordinates 32°05′N 36°06′E / 32.083°N 36.100°E / 32.083; 36.100
Area 4,761 km2 (1,838 sq mi)
Population 951,800 (2012)
Density 199.9 / km2 (518 / sq mi)
Governor Hamid Alsheyyab
Timezone GMT +2
 - summer (DST) +3
Area code +(962)5
Urban 94.5%
Rural 5.5%

Zarqa Governorate (Arabic محافظة الزرقاء Muħāfazat az-Zarqāʔ, local dialects ez-Zergā or ez-Zer'a) is the third largest governorate in Jordan by population. The capital of Zarqa governorate is Zarqa City, which is the largest city in the governorate. It is located 25 km east of the Jordanian capital Amman. The second largest city in the governorate is Russeifa.

Zarqa Governorate hosts the largest military and air bases for the Jordan armed forces in the kingdom.

History[edit]

The city of Russeifa
The wetlands in Azraq
The Castle of Azraq
Qasr Amra, A World Heritage Site

The land of Zarqa Governorate has been inhabited since the Bronze Age, most prominent were the Ammonite kingdom and the Nabateans, who constructed the fort known as Qasr al Hallabat, which then was used as a fort by the Romans, and then as a desert palace by the Umayyads. The most significant historical remains are the Umayyad desert palaces, such as Qasr Amra, a World Heritage site, Qasr al Hallabat, Qasr Shabib in the center of the city of Zarqa, as well as the Castle of Azraq.

After the construction of the Hedjaz railway by the Ottoman Turks at the beginning of the 1900s, Zarqa became a strategically important hub that connects Damascus to Medina, the cities along the railway started flourishing. Later, Jordan's Arab Legion led by Glubb Pasha had its main bases in Zarqa.

Geography[edit]

Zarqa Governorate borders Mafraq Governorate from the north and north east, Amman Governorate from the south and south west, Jerash and Balqa Governorates from the west. It also shares an international border with Saudi Arabia in its south eastern edge. Most of the area covered by the governorate constitutes part of the Syrian desert plateau. the heavily populated western regions of the governorate constitute part of the Zarqa River basin. The two cities of Zarqa and Russeifa are the second and fourth largest cities in Jordan.

Demographics[edit]

The census of 2004 shows that the population of Zarqa Governorate for that year was 727,268 of whom 94.5% is considered urban population and 5.5% is a rural population. Jordanian citizens made up 97% of the population. The female to male ratio was 46% to 54%. The Jordanian Department of Statistics population estimate for the year 2010 is 910,800 with a female to male ratio of 48.25 to 51.75 and a population density of 191.3 persons per Km2

Demographics of Zarqa Governorate 2004 Census [1] 2010 Estimate
Female to Male ratio 46% to 54% 48.25% to 51.75%
Jordanian citizens to foreign nationals 97% to 3% N/A
Urban population 727,268 860,700
Rural population 37,382 50,100
Total population 764,650 910,800

Administrative Divisions[edit]

A Jordanian F-16 in the Muwaffaq Salti Air Base in Azraq

Zarqa Governorate is divided into three departments:

Departments of Zarqa Governorate by population (2004)[2]
Department Arabic name Population (Census 2004) Administrative Center
1 Capital Department (Al-Qasaba) لواء قصبة الزرقاء 450,102 Zarqa
2 Russeifa Department لواء الرصيفة 268,237 Russeifa
3 Hashemiyya Department لواء الهاشمية 46,311 Hashemiyya

Economy[edit]

Due to its close location to the populated cities in Jordan, Zarqa Governorate has the largest number of factories in Jordan, Jordan's only oil refinery plant is located in Zarqa.

The largest air base in the country, Muwaffaq Salti Air Base is located in Azraq. Zarqa Governorate hosts three universities, Hashemite University,[3] Al-Balqa` Applied University-Zarqa College,[4] and Zarqa Private University.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jordan National Census of 2004 Table 3-1
  2. ^ 2004 Census
  3. ^ Hashemite University
  4. ^ Al-Balqa' Applied University
  5. ^ Zarqa Private University

Coordinates: 31°54′N 36°45′E / 31.900°N 36.750°E / 31.900; 36.750