Zarya (non-magnetic ship)

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For the earlier polar exploration vessel, see Zarya (polar ship).
Career
Name: Zarya
Operator: USSR Academy of Sciences
Builder: Laivateollisuus Shipyard, Turku, Finland[1]
Launched: 1952[1]
Homeport: Murmansk[1]
Status: Unknown
General characteristics
Type: Three-masted gaff-rigged schooner[2]
Displacement: 600 long tons (610 t) full load[1]
Length: 52.56 m (172 ft 5 in)[1]
Beam: 8.97 m (29 ft 5 in)[1]
Draught: 3.38 m (11 ft 1 in)[1]
Propulsion: 1 × 300 bhp (224 kW) diesel engine, 1 shaft[1]
Speed: 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph)[1]
Crew: 35 + 10 mission crew[1]

Zarya (Russian: Заря, The Sunrise) was a sailing-motor schooner built in 1952, and since 1953 used by the USSR Academy of Sciences to study Earth's magnetic field.

After the Continuation War Finland was ordered by the USSR to provide 50 wooden sailing-motor fishing schooners as reparations. One of them was taken, and in 1952 modified, into a low magnetic research vessel named Zarya. Since 1953 the ship was used to measure the magnetic field of the Earth. She participated in the International Geophysical Year in 1957-1958.[3]

In 1976 a rupes on planet Mercury was named after the ship.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "World Navies Today: Russian Civilian Scientific & Support Vessels". hazegray.org. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  2. ^ "National Institute for Sea Training (NIST)". kohkun.go.jp. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  3. ^ "Eve of International Geophysical Year- British Pathe". britishpathe.com. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  4. ^ "Zarya Rupes on Mercury". planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 

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