Zarzecze, Cieszyn County

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Zarzecze
Village
Former fire station and a chapel
Former fire station and a chapel
Coat of arms of Zarzecze
Coat of arms
Zarzecze is located in Poland
Zarzecze
Zarzecze
Coordinates: 49°54′46.84″N 18°50′3.5″E / 49.9130111°N 18.834306°E / 49.9130111; 18.834306
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
County Cieszyn
Gmina Chybie
First mentioned 1223
Government
 • Mayor Franciszek Stokłosa
Area 3.37 km2 (1.30 sq mi)
Population (2008) 313
 • Density 93/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 43-520
Car plates SCI

Zarzecze [zaˈʐɛt͡ʂɛ] is a village in Gmina Chybie, Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland.[1] It has a population of 313 (2008).

It lies on the right southern bank of the Goczałkowice Reservoir on the river Vistula.

History[edit]

It is one of the oldest villages in Cieszyn Silesia. It was first mentioned in a document of Bishop of Wrocław issued on 23 May 1223 for Norbertine Sisters in Rybnik among villages paying them a tithe, as Zasere.[2][3] The name literally means the land behind the river, indicating that the primordial settlers came from the northern bank of the Vistula river (most probably from the village of Wisła, contemporary Wisła Wielka and Wisła Mała), and it could have been a part of the land that was ceded by Duke Casimir II the Just to Mieszko I Tanglefoot around 1177.

Subsequently it belonged then to the Duchy of Opole and Racibórz and the Castellany of Cieszyn, which was in 1290 formed in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland into the Duchy of Teschen, ruled by a local branch of Silesian Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of the Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became a part of the Habsburg Monarchy.

After the World War I, fall of Austria-Hungary, Polish–Czechoslovak War and division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920, the village became a part of the Second Polish Republic. After German invasion of Poland in 1939, the area became a part of Nazi Germany until 1945.

Most of the former Zarzecze territory was engulfed by waters from the Goczałkowice Reservoir in 1955, including its centre with the church built in 1789.

Folklorist and writer Ludwik Kobiela was born in the village.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) – TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01. 
  2. ^ Panic, Idzi (2000). "Z badań nad osadami zanikłymi na Górnym Śląsku w średniowieczu. Uwagi w sprawie istnienia zaginionych wsi podcieszyńskich, Nageuuzi, Suenschizi, suburbium, Radouiza, Zasere, Clechemuje oraz Novosa". Pamiętnik Cieszyński (Polskie Towarzystwo Historyczne Oddział w Cieszynie) (15): 29–37. ISSN 0137-558X. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 294. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5. 

References[edit]

  • Kiełkowski, Wojciech (2009). Chybie - dzieje gminy od czasów najdawniejszych do współczesności. Chybie: Gminny Ośrodek Kultury w Chybiu. ISBN 978-83-910611-5-2.