Zashiki-warashi

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The spirit of money (the archetype of Zashiki warashi) from Ugetsu Monogatari

Zashiki warashi (座敷童/座敷童子 zashiki warashi?), sometimes also called Zashiki bokko (座敷ぼっこ zashiki bokko?, sitting room basking), is a yōkai, stemming from Iwate Prefecture. It is similar to the Russian folk story of the Domovoi.

Description[edit]

According to folklore, to attract and maintain a zashiki warashi in the home it is said that "the spirit must be noticed, appreciated and cared for properly, much in the manner one would raise a child, though too much attention may drive it off." As the zashiki warashi is child-like in nature, it is prone to playing harmless pranks and occasionally causing mischief. They might, for instance, "sit on a guest's futon, turn people's pillows over or cause sounds similar to kagura music to be heard from rooms no one uses."[citation needed] Sometimes they leave little footsteps in ashes. There are different variations as to who can see the zashiki warashi; usually this is limited to inhabitants of the house, sometimes to children.[citation needed]

The appearance of this spirit is that of a 5 or 6 year child with bobbed hair and a red face. Zashiki warashi can be found in well-maintained and preferably large old houses. It is said that once a zashiki warashi inhabits a house, it brings the residence great fortune; on the other hand, should a zashiki warashi depart, the domain soon falls into a steep decline.[citation needed]

Etymology[edit]

The name breaks down to zashiki, a sitting room or parlor, usually with tatami flooring, and warashi, an archaic term for a child, used particularly in the northeast of Japan.[1]

The Ryokufūsō in Kindaichi-Onsen, which burned down on October 4, 2009, was famed for its zashiki warashi. Yōkai similar to zashiki warashi in other parts of Japan include the makuragaeshi in Ishikawa Prefecture, the akashaguma or kura bokko in Tokushima Prefecture and the akashaguma living in the Kotohira Shrine.[citation needed]

In Popular Culture[edit]

In the manga and anime xxxHolic, the zashiki warashi is represented as a character who developed feelings for the protagonist Kimihiro Watanuki.

In the anime Mononoke, zashiki warashi were represented by small children who were killed in a brothel as a result of prostitution.

In the anime Inu x Boku SS, the zashiki warashi is maid #2 at the Maison de Ayakashi. (S)he is also a transvestite.

In the manga Nura: Rise of the Yokai Clan - Demon Capital/Nurarihyon no Mago (Sennen Makyou), there is a zashiki warashi named Yukari.

In the anime White Album (visual novel), Zashiki Warashi is referenced many times.

In the manga and anime Sayonara Zetsubou Sensei the character Kiri Komori, a hikikomori, thought to be a Zashiki Warashi by a classmate.

In the anime Kimi ni Todoke, the protagonist was teased as a zashiki warashi when she was a child.

In the manga Hell Teacher Nūbē a zashiki warashi became attached to Nube-sensei.

In the tokusatsu tv-show Ninja Sentai Kakuranger, a zashiki warashi takes the form of a boy with a mushroom who plays with children and befriended Jiraya/Ninja Black.

In the tokusatsu tv-show Engine Sentai Go-Onger, a zashiki warashi takes the form of a girl with a kimono who plays pranks to Sousuke/Go-on Red and the others.

In the manga Shuuen no Shiori, zashiki warashi is mentioned as a cause for A-ya feeling like he's being watched.

In the anime movie Summer Days with Coo, a zashiki warashi lives in a magariya (L-shaped traditional house) guest house in Tōno, Iwate, where the protagonists are staying while looking for living Kappas.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Daijirin (3rd edition ed.), Sanseido Books, 2006, ISBN 4385139059 

External links[edit]