Zavolzhye, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast

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Coordinates: 56°38′N 43°24′E / 56.633°N 43.400°E / 56.633; 43.400

The Car-Engines College

Zavolzhye (Russian: Заво́лжье) is a town in Gorodetsky District of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Volga River, opposite Gorodets, 56 kilometers (35 mi) northwest of Nizhny Novgorod. Population: 40,460 (2010 Census);[1] 43,971 (2002 Census);[2] 44,630 (1989 Census).[3]

Name[edit]

The word "Zavolzhye" literally means "[the lands] beyond the Volga", i.e. on the river's left bank, since "beyond" here is taken relative to the historically more populated right bank of the river. Thus, Zavolzhye—the region in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast—normally refers to its forested and sparsely populated north-eastern half. This makes the name of the town of Zavolzhye somewhat confusing for some people in the region, since the city is located on the right side of the river—it is only "beyond the river" with respect to much older Gorodets.

History[edit]

It was founded in 1950 as a settlement serving the construction of the Gorky Hydroelectric Station (now Nizhny Novgorod Hydroelectric Station). It was granted town status in 1964.

Transportation[edit]

The town is the terminus of the electric railroad line from Nizhny Novgorod.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  3. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012.