Zavolzhye, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Zavolzhye (inhabited locality).
Zavolzhye (English)
Заволжье (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Административное здание заволжья.JPG
Zavolzhye Urban Settlement Administration building
Map of Russia - Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast in Russia
Zavolzhye is located in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
Zavolzhye
Zavolzhye
Location of Zavolzhye in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
Coordinates: 56°39′N 43°24′E / 56.650°N 43.400°E / 56.650; 43.400Coordinates: 56°39′N 43°24′E / 56.650°N 43.400°E / 56.650; 43.400
Zavolzh.png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of February 2014)
Country Russia
Federal subject Nizhny Novgorod Oblast[1]
Administrative district Gorodetsky District[1]
Town of district significance Zavolzhye[1]
Administrative center of town of district significance of Zavolzhye[1]
Municipal status (as of February 2011)
Municipal district Gorodetsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Zavolzhye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Zavolzhye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 40,460 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 1950[citation needed]
Town status since 1964[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 606520–606525
Official website
Zavolzhye on WikiCommons

Zavolzhye (Russian: Заво́лжье) is a town in Gorodetsky District of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Volga River, opposite Gorodets, the administrative center of the district, and 56 kilometers (35 mi) northwest of Nizhny Novgorod, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 40,460 (2010 Census);[3] 43,971 (2002 Census);[6] 44,630 (1989 Census).[7]

Etymology[edit]

The name of the town literally means "[the lands] beyond the Volga", i.e., on the river's left bank, since "beyond" here is taken relative to the historically more populated right bank of the river. Thus, Zavolzhye—the region in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast—normally refers to its forested and sparsely populated northeastern half. This makes the name of the town of Zavolzhye somewhat confusing for some people in the region, since the city is located on the right side of the river—it is only "beyond the river" with respect to much older Gorodets.

History[edit]

It was founded in 1950 as a settlement serving the construction of the Gorky Hydroelectric Station (now Nizhny Novgorod Hydroelectric Station).[citation needed] It was granted town status in 1964.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated within Gorodetsky District as the town of district significance of Zavolzhye.[1] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Zavolzhye is incorporated within Gorodetsky Municipal District as Zavolzhye Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

Major industrial enterprises in the town include:

  • Zavolzhye Motorni Zavod (Zavolzhye Engine Factory, ZMZ)
  • Zavolzhsky Plant of crawler tractors (ZZGT)
  • Yuta, a furniture factory
  • a woodworking factory
  • a pharmaceutical packaging glass manufacturing plant, a division of Schott AG (opened in May 2011);
  • Ryad, a factory for production of extruded polystyrene foam, insulation

Transportation[edit]

The town is the terminus of the electric railroad line from Nizhny Novgorod.

References[edit]

The Car-Engines College in Zavolzhye

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Order #4-od
  2. ^ a b c d Law #114-Z
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Государственно-правовой департамент Нижегородской области. Приказ №4-од от 31 января 2014 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных образований, городских и сельских населённых пунктов Нижегородской области», в ред. Приказа №8-од от 27 февраля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Реестр административно-территориальных образований, городских и сельских населённых пунктов Нижегородской области». Опубликован: "Нижегородская правда", №30 и №33, 22 и 29 марта 2014 г. (State Legal Department of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. Order #4-od of January 31, 2014 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations, Urban and Rural Localities of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Order #8-od of February 27, 2014 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations, Urban and Rural Localities of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. ).
  • Законодательное Собрание Нижегородской области. Закон №114-З от 18 августа 2005 г. «Об утверждении границ, состава территории Городецкого муниципального района, границ и состава территорий муниципальных образований, входящих в состав Городецкого муниципального района», в ред. Закона №16-З от 7 февраля 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Нижегородской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Нижегородские новости", №165(3337), 3 сентября 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. Law #114-Z of August 18, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Composition of Gorodetsky Municipal District; the Borders and the Composition of the Municipal Formations Within Gorodetsky Municipal District, as amended by the Law #16-Z of February 7, 2011 On Amending Various Laws of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).