The Zc(3900) is a hadron, a type of subatomic particle made of quarks, believed to be the first tetraquark that has been observed experimentally. The discovery was made in 2013 by two independent research groups: one using the BES III detector at the Chinese Beijing Electron Positron Collider, the other being part of the Belle experiment group at the Japanese KEK particle physics laboratory.
The Zc(3900) is a decay product of the previously observed anomalous Y(4260) particle. The Zc(3900) in turn decays into a charged pion (π±) and a J/ψ meson. This is consistent with the Zc(3900) containing four or more quarks.
Researchers are expected to run decay experiments this year to determine its nature with more precision.
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