Zeiformes

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Zeiformes
Temporal range: Late Cretaceous–Recent
[1]
Mirror dory.png
Mirror dory, family Zeidae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Zeiformes
Families

See text

The Zeiformes are a small order of marine ray-finned fishes most notable for the dories, a group of common food fish. The order consists of about 40 species in seven families, mostly deep-sea types.

Zeiform bodies are usually thin and deep. Mouths are large, with distensible jaws, and there is no orbitosphenoid. Pelvic fins have 5-10 soft rays and possibly a spine, 5-10 dorsal fin spines and up to 4 anal fin spines. They range in size from the Dwarf Dory (Macrurocyttus acanthopodus), at 43 millimetres (1.7 in) in length, to the Cape Dory (Zeus capensis), which measures up to 90 centimetres (35 in).[1]

The boarfishes (Caproidae) have been included in this order though they are currently included in the Perciformes.

Families[edit]

Timeline of genera[edit]

Quaternary Neogene Paleogene Cretaceous Holocene Pleistocene Pliocene Miocene Oligocene Eocene Paleocene Late Cretaceous Early Cretaceous Zenion Zeus (fish) Zenopsis Capros Caprovesposus Cyttoides Antigonia (fish genus) Palaeocyttus Microcapros Quaternary Neogene Paleogene Cretaceous Holocene Pleistocene Pliocene Miocene Oligocene Eocene Paleocene Late Cretaceous Early Cretaceous

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Karrer, C. & John, H-C. (1998). Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N., ed. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. pp. 165–167. ISBN 0-12-547665-5.