Zeist

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Zeist
Municipality
Zeist city hall
Zeist city hall
Flag of Zeist
Flag
Coat of arms of Zeist
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Zeist in a municipal map of Utrecht
Location in Utrecht
Coordinates: 52°5′N 5°14′E / 52.083°N 5.233°E / 52.083; 5.233Coordinates: 52°5′N 5°14′E / 52.083°N 5.233°E / 52.083; 5.233
Country Netherlands
Province Utrecht
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Koos Janssen (CDA)
Area[2]
 • Total 48.65 km2 (18.78 sq mi)
 • Land 48.51 km2 (18.73 sq mi)
 • Water 0.14 km2 (0.05 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 4 m (13 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
 • Total 61,449
 • Density 1,267/km2 (3,280/sq mi)
Demonym Zeistenaar
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 3700–3712, 3734–3735
Area code 030
Website www.zeist.nl

Zeist (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈzɛist]) is a municipality and a town in the central Netherlands, located east of the city of Utrecht.

Population centres[edit]

Dutch Topographic map of Zeist (town), Dec. 2013


The town of Zeist[edit]

The town of "Seist" was first mentioned in a charter in the year 838. The original settlement was located at the present Dorpsstraat. In the late 12th century, a church was built here. Its tower is now a part of the Reformed Church, the remainder of which was built in the 19th century. Until medieval times, a branch of the river Rhine flowed close to the centre of the town. Three mansions were built near the village: the Huis te Zeist, Kersbergen, and Blikkenburg.

Slot Zeist

From 1677 to 1686, the "Slot Zeist" was built on or near the ruins of "Kasteel Zeist", the original castle (donjon) of Rodgar van Zeist. There is very little documentation on the family that lived there, but a few names are found: in the 12th century a Godefridus de Seist and in the late 13th century another Godefridus, a knight, with his son Johannes and his daughter Petronilla. (Bronnen voor de geschiedenis van Zeist, deel 1, ed. Van Hinsbergen) The last member of the van Zeist family was a woman, Elisabeth (?), who married a member of the Borre van Amerongen family. They had a son who adopted his mother's name and his father's coat-of-arms.

In the last quarter of the 17th century, Count Willem Adriaan van Nassau, an illegitimate descendant of Prince Maurice of Orange, acquired the property and built Slot Zeist in the Dutch Classisist style. Murals by Daniel Marot are still largely intact.

Members of the Evangelishe Broedergemeente(Evangelical Brotherhood), the Dutch name for the Moravians, settled in Zeist in 1746, building for their community an impressive array of 18th century Classisist houses planned around two squares. Their headquarters are still located in the centre of town, next to "the palace". The oldest Dutch archives of the Moravians are kept at the Utrecht Archival Centre at Utrecht.

In the 19th century, Zeist became a favorite residence for the rich, mainly from the city of Utrecht.

Camp New Amsterdam, (vliegbasis Soesterberg) a former Royal Netherlands Air Force military airbase near this town, was the venue for the Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial to take place outside the UK, but under Scots law. (See the article on the trial and the reports on the trial at Camp Zeist by United Nations observer Dr. Hans Köchler: Hans Köchler's Lockerbie trial observer mission.)

Zeist is the location of the Royal Dutch Football Association (KNVB) and also known for the forests surrounding the town. For many years the Dutch National Archaeological Research Service (Rijksdienst voor het Oudheidkundig Bodemonderzoek) was housed at Slot Zeist.

Notable residents[edit]

The following notable persons were born in Zeist:

Transport[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Burgemeester" [Mayor] (in Dutch). Gemeente Zeist. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 3701HS". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 

External links[edit]