Zeitgeist: Moving Forward
|Zeitgeist: Moving Forward|
|Directed by||Peter Joseph|
|Produced by||Peter Joseph|
|Music by||Peter Joseph, Lili Haydn and Yes|
|Edited by||Peter Joseph|
|Distributed by||GMP LLC|
|Running time||161 minutes|
Zeitgeist: Moving Forward is the third installment in Peter Joseph's Zeitgeist film trilogy. The film premiered at the JACC Theater in Los Angeles on January 15, 2011 at the Artivist Film Festival, was released in theaters and online. As of May 2014, the film has over 22 million views on YouTube.
The film is arranged into four parts. Each part is an amalgam of interviews, narration and animated sequences.
Part I: Human Nature
The film begins with an animated sequence narrated by Jacque Fresco. He describes his adolescent life and his discontinuation of public education at the age of 14 and describes his early life influences.
Human behavior and the nature vs. nurture debate is discussed. Robert Sapolsky sums up his opinion of the nature vs. nurture debate in which he refers to it as a "false dichotomy." The film then says that it is neither nature nor nurture that solely shapes human behavior, but the combination of both. Disease, criminal activity and addictions are also discussed. The overall conclusion of Part I is that social environment and cultural conditioning play a large part in shaping human behavior.
Part II: Social Pathology
John Locke and Adam Smith are discussed in regard to modern economics. In Two Treatises of Government, John Locke lays out the fundamental principles of private ownership of land, labor and capital. In The Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith uses the term invisible hand as a means to explain how an individual's self-interest benefits society as a whole. A critical view of economic theory is made by questioning the need for private property, money and the inherent inequality between agents in the system. Also seen critically is the need for cyclical consumption in order to maintain market share which results in wasted resources and Planned obsolescence. Critical views of the monetary system are given. According to the movie, the current monetary system will result in default or hyperinflation at some future time.
Part III: Project Earth
As with Zeitgeist: Addendum, the film presents a "resource-based economy" as advocated by Jacque Fresco discussing how human civilization could start from a new beginning in relation to resource types, locations, quantities, to satisfy human demands; track the consumption and depletion of resources to regulate human demands and maintain the condition of the environment.
Part IV: Rise
The current world wide situation is described as disastrous. A case is presented that pollution, deforestation, climate change, overpopulation, and warfare are all created and perpetuated by the socioeconomic system. Various poverty statistics are shown that suggest a progressive worsening of world culture. According to the United Nations, currently 18,000 children a day die from starvation. Also according to the UN, global poverty rates have doubled since the 1970s.
The final scene of the film shows a partial view of earth from space, followed by a sequence of superimposed statements; "This is your world", "This is our world", and "The revolution is now".
A review in the monthly publication The Socialist Standard commented on several aspects of the film. Regarding its production values they stated that the film had a "well rounded feel." In terms of content they criticized the "shaky economic analysis" contained in the second part of the film and noted that Karl Marx had already undertaken a more scientific and thorough critique of capitalism. They went on to state that, "despite these false beginnings the analysis is at least on the right track." Regarding transition to the new system proposed in the film, the review critically noted that in the film "there is no mention of how to get from here to there."
Fouad Al-Noor in Wessex Scene said that the film has more of a focus on solutions than the previous film. Calling it a modern phenomenon, he noted that while there are controversial elements, he challenged those using labels to describe the film to watch the films first.
In her article on the Zeitgeist Movement, published in Tablet Magazine, Michelle Goldberg felt that the film was "silly enough that at times [she] suspected it was [a] satire about new-age techno-utopianism instead of an example of it", but noted the large following of the movement that produced the film, saying "it even seems like the world's first Internet-based cult, with members who parrot the party line with cheerful, rote fidelity".
- Link to film from official site. Retrieved: 31 May 2014.
- Smith, A., 1976, The Glasgow edition of the Works and Correspondence of Adam Smith, vol. 2a, p. 456, edited by R.H. Cambell and A.S. Skinner, Oxford: Claredon Press.
- "18,000 children die every day of hunger, U.N. says". Usatoday.Com. 2007-02-17. Retrieved 2012-06-11.
- Agence France-Presse (2010-11-25). "Global poverty doubled since 1970s: UN". The Raw Story. Retrieved 2012-06-11.
- "2011 ACTION ON FILM OFFICIAL FILM AND VIDEO AWARD NOMINEES". Action on Film. p. 7.
- "Film Review | The Socialist Party of Great Britain". Worldsocialism.org. Retrieved 2012-06-11.
- Al-Noor, Fouad (6 February 2011). "Zeitgeist: Moving Forward Review". Wessex Scene. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
- Hoffman, Allison. "Brave New World - by Michelle Goldberg - Tablet Magazine – Jewish News and Politics, Jewish Arts and Culture, Jewish Life and Religion". Tabletmag.com. Retrieved 2012-06-11.