Zeitoun, Gaza

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Zeitoun
الزيتون
Neighborhood
Zaitoun
Zeitoun is located in Gaza Strip
Zeitoun
Zeitoun
Location in Gaza Strip
Coordinates: 31°29′28.28″N 34°26′38.8″E / 31.4911889°N 34.444111°E / 31.4911889; 34.444111
Country Gaza Strip
Governorate Gaza Governorate
City Gaza
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)

Zeitoun (Arabic: الزيتون; lit. olives‎) is a district of Gaza, located in the southern part of the city.

History[edit]

It was built in the 1930s and 1940s as Gaza developed outside its center. Much of the funding for the initial construction is attributed to foreign institutions, such as missionary hospitals.[1] After the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, with the influx of Palestinian refugees, Zeitoun's population swelled. Ahmed Yassin's family settled the district in the 1950s.[2]

During the 2008-2009 Israel-Gaza conflict, the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) launched a ground incursion in the area, occupying the district. During this period, 48 Palestinians, mostly from three families, were killed. In addition, 27 homes, a number of farms, and a mosque were destroyed.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dumper, Abu-Lughod, and Stanley, 2007, p.156.
  2. ^ Milton-Edwards, 1999, p.98.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Dumper, Michael; Stanley, Bruce E.; Abu-Lughod, Janet L. (2007), Cities of the Middle East and North Africa: A Historical Encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO, ISBN 978-1-57607-919-5 
  • Milton-Edwards, Beverley (1999), Islamic Politics in Palestine, I.B.Tauris, ISBN 978-1-86064-475-7 

Coordinates: 31°29′45.6″N 34°27′23.26″E / 31.496000°N 34.4564611°E / 31.496000; 34.4564611