Zeltweg

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Zeltweg
View from the north
View from the north
Zeltweg is located in Austria
Zeltweg
Zeltweg
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°11′26″N 14°45′04″E / 47.19056°N 14.75111°E / 47.19056; 14.75111Coordinates: 47°11′26″N 14°45′04″E / 47.19056°N 14.75111°E / 47.19056; 14.75111
Country Austria
State Styria
District Murtal
Government
 • Mayor Hermann Dullnig (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total 8.73 km2 (3.37 sq mi)
Elevation 659 m (2,162 ft)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 7,180
 • Density 820/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 8740
Area code 03577
Vehicle registration JU
Website www.zeltweg.at

Zeltweg is a town in Styria, Austria. It is located in the Aichfeld basin of the Mur River in Upper Styria. Larger municipalities in the vicinity are Judenburg, Knittelfeld and Fohnsdorf.

History[edit]

Some farms were recorded at Zeltweg in the Duchy of Styria already during the 13th century. The village then was called Celtwich, its name being recorded in 1430 for the first time. During the 15th century, there were considerable difficulties resulting from famines, failed harvests and epidemics, From 1569 onwards, the Habsburg archduke Charles II of Austria initiated the rafting of timber down the Mur, which gained considerable importance for Zeltweg's history. During the following decades, Zeltweg grew and was a target of migration.

During the 18th century, the population shrank considerably because of the expansion of roads. In 1848, Count Hugo Henckel von Donnersmarck, who came from Upper Silesia, decided to relocate his family's smeltery from Carinthian Frantschach-Sankt Gertraud to the site. This industrial revolution brought a boom for Zeltweg. A railway station was built in 1868. Zeltweg was detached from neighbouring Fohnsdorf as a municipality in its own right and the first mayor, Heinrich Dillinger, was elected in 1875.

After the Austrian Anschluss in 1938, the Zeltweg ironworks were incorporated into the Reichswerke Hermann Göring conglomerate, employing numerous unfree labourers during World War II. At the end of the war, Zeltweg was first occupied by Soviet and then British troops. Still, there was an upswing both in education and in industry after the war. Zeltweg received town privileges on 1 January 1966.

Main sights[edit]

Zeltweg gearwheel

Zeltweg's main attraction is the Farrach Palace, built by Carl Friedrich von Teufenbach between 1670 and 1680 in the style of an Italian Renaissance palace. Stucco works were installed inside.

Since 1986, the palace is owned by Anton and Ingrid Hartleb, who refurbished it and transformed it a site for cultural and artistic events.

Zeltweg's coat of arms is a cog and a human sized one was erected at the railway bridge to show that Zeltweg was an industrial town.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Zeltweg
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −3
(26)
4
(39)
9
(48)
13
(56)
17
(62)
22
(71)
23
(73)
23
(73)
20
(68)
14
(57)
6
(42)
1
(34)
12.4
(54.1)
Average low °C (°F) −13
(8)
−8
(17)
−3
(27)
1
(34)
4
(40)
8
(46)
9
(48)
9
(48)
7
(44)
3
(38)
−3
(27)
−8
(18)
0.5
(32.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 124
(4.9)
28
(1.1)
28
(1.1)
61
(2.4)
114
(4.5)
64
(2.5)
109
(4.3)
109
(4.3)
74
(2.9)
157
(6.2)
46
(1.8)
33
(1.3)
947
(37.3)
Source: Weatherbase [2]

Economy[edit]

The most important industries are mechanical engineering, the packaging industry, and timber. Furthermore, Austria's largest military airport, Zeltweg Airfield (Fliegerhorst Hinterstoisser) operated by the Austrian Air Force is located here, which was built in 1937.

Motorsport[edit]

The Zeltweg Airfield was used as a racing circuit in the 1960s and hosted the Formula One Grand Prix in 1964. The track was abandoned in 1969 with the construction of the Österreichring, a purpose built motorsport track in Spielberg.

Transportation[edit]

The center of Zeltweg was strongly polluted by truck traffic, as a large proportion of the traffic coming from Wolfsberg and Obdach (including log wood, hacked wood and packaged goods) had to be brought through the town. For that reason, a by-pass was built and opened on November 3, 2004. The expressway is 4.5km long, cost € 11 million and also saves Judenburg and Fisching from traffic.

Education[edit]

In Zeltweg, there are, among others, two elementary schools, one Hauptschule (junior high school) (the two Hauptschulen were merged in 2002) and a vocational high school machine construction and building.

References[edit]

External links[edit]