Zemba language

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Not to be confused with Zimba language.
Zemba
Dhimba
Native to Angola, Namibia
Ethnicity Herero, Tjimba
Native speakers
30,000  (2009–2011)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 dhm
R.311[2]
Glottolog zemb1238[3]

Zemba (Dhimba) is a Bantu language spoken mainly in Angola where the language has about 18,000 speakers, and also in Namibia with some 4,000.[4] It is closely related to Herero, and is often considered a dialect of that language, especially as the Zemba are ethnically Herero.

There are various spellings and pronunciations of the name: Zimba, Dhimba, Tjimba, Chimba, etc. However, when spelled Tjimba or Chimba in English, it generally refers to the Tjimba people, non-Herero hunter-gatherers who speak Zemba. The spelling Himba should be distinguished from the Himba people and their dialect of Herero.

Ethnologue separates Zemba as a distinct language from Himba, which according to the language map of Namibia it retains under Herero proper.[5] Maho (2009), however, sets up a Northwest Herero language, which includes Zemba; from the map, it would appear to include Himba and Hakaona as well.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zemba at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ a b Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Zemba". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ Zemba language reference at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  5. ^ Zemba language reference at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)