Zemgale

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Semigallia (Zemgale)
Region
Zemgale LocMap.png
Symbol
Country Latvia
Borders on Courland (west), Lithuania (south), Gulf of Riga (north), Vidzeme (northeast), Latgale (east)
Rivers Daugava, Lielupe
Capital Jelgava
Semigallia is green, while Selonia in brown

Zemgale, also known under Latinized names Semigalia or Semigallia (Latvian: Zemgale; German: Semgallen; Polish: Semigalia; Lithuanian: Žiemgala; Livonian: Zemgāl) is a historical region of Latvia, sometimes also including a part of Lithuania. It lies in the middle of the southern part of the Republic of Latvia.

Zemgale is recognized along with Selonia as one region, although sometimes Selonia is perceived as a separate fifth region. Also on the Coat of arms of Latvia Zemgale is represented along with Courland (Kurzeme) as Kurzeme-Zemgale due to the historical connection between those two regions. Semigallia borders other historical Baltic regions such as Vidzeme (NE), Lithuanian Samogitia (S), Courland (W) and Latgale (E) as well as Gulf of Riga (N). The land of Zemgale is mostly flat. The Lielupe is the most important river after the Daugava. The major town is Jelgava, the former capital of the united Duchy of Courland and Semigallia.

The Zemgale region consists of the city of Jelgava and the municipalities of Auce, Baldone, Dobele, Engure, Iecava, Jaunpils, Jelgava, Ozolnieki, Rundāle, Tērvete, Tukums and Vecumnieki. Between 1795 and 1918 Semigalia was included within the government of Courland and passed with that territory to Republic of Latvia after World War I.

History[edit]

Within Latvia, Zemgale has the status of one of the four historical and cultural regions of Latvia, the region takes its name from the Baltic people known as Semigallians. Since the 13th century Selonia has been included as part of Semigalia, and comprises the eastern part of the current electoral district of Zemgale. It takes its name from the Baltic tribe of the Selonians. Traditional Selonia also includes a portion of northeastern Lithuania.

Semigallian archaeological sites in Latvia[edit]

Bauska District[edit]

Čapāni, Drenģeri-Čunkāni, Dumpji, Jumpravmuiža, Lielbertuši, Mežotne hillfort, Podiņi, Siliņi, Zeltiņi, Ziedoņskola

Dobele District[edit]

Atvases, Auce, Bāļas-Šķērstaiņi, Cibēni, Dobele hillfort, Gailīši, Grīnerti, Guntiņas, Īles mežniecība, Jāņogānas, Kaijukrogs, Ķūri, Lielogļi, Lozberģi, Oši, Skare, Tērvete hillfort

Jelgava District[edit]

Ciemalde, Diduļi, Eži, Gaideļi-Viduči, Kakužēni, Kalnaplāteri, Kraujas, Ķēķi, Mazgrauži, Pudžas, Rijnieki, Vilces parks

Saldus District[edit]

Griezes dzirnavas, Kerkliņi, Priedīši, Rūsīši-Debeši

Tukums District[edit]

Mutstrauti, Zante

Riga District[edit]

Pļavniekkalns

Semigallian archaeological sites in Lithuania[edit]

Pasvalys district, Panevėžys County[edit]

Ąžuolpamūšė hillfort, Berklainiai, Daujenai, Kyburtai, Meldiniai, Noriai, Pamiškiai settlement, Pamūše, Skrebotiškis, Smilgeliai, Šakarniai, Vaidžiūnai

Akmenė district, Šiauliai County[edit]

Balsai, Papile hillfort, Pavirvyte-Gudai, Šapnagiai, Viekšniai

Joniškis district, Šiauliai County[edit]

Budraičiai, Daugalaičiai, Daunorava, Dvareliškiai, Ivoškiai, Jauneikiai, Joniškis, Kalnelis (Sidabre hillfort), Lieporai, Linkaičiai, Linksmenai, Martyniškiai, Rudiškiai, Rukuižiai, Slepsniai, Spirakiai, Stungiai, Žagarė (Raktuve hillfort)

Pakruojis district, Šiauliai County[edit]

Aukštadvaris, Dargužiai, Degesiai, Diržiai, Dovainiškis, Karašilis, Karpiškiai, Kauksnujai, Lauksodis, Liesai, Linkavičiai, Linksmučiai, Linkuva, Pakruojis, Paliečiai, Pamūšis, Pašvitinys, Peleniškiai, Petroniai, Plaučiškai, Sakališkiai, Stačiūnai, Šukioniai, Vebariai, Žeimelis

Šiauliai district, Šiauliai County[edit]

Daugelaičiai, Gibaičiai, Jakštaičiai, Jurgaičiai hillfort (Hill of Crosses), Kaupriai, Kybartiške, Mažeikiai, Norušaičiai settlement, Norvaišiai, Račiai, Ringuvenai, Valdomai, Visdergiai

References[edit]

Coordinates: 56°40′N 23°30′E / 56.667°N 23.500°E / 56.667; 23.500