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For other usages, see Zengana (disambiguation)

The Zangana (Kurdish: Zengene) are a branch of tribal confederation of the Shabaks of Northern Iraq. They have historically lived southeast of Kirkuk and near Khanaqin. [1] and Kifri. Alternatively, they have been associated with the Sulaymaniyah area. [2] There are also Zanganas around Kirmanshah. [1]

They speak a distinct dialect. However, in recent years they have linguistically assimilated into the language practice of Sorani speakers in the area in which they live. [1]

The settlement patterns of the people have shifted since the late 1980s. The Saddam Hussein regime relocated them in the Al-Anfal Campaign of 1988; also, in the course of the refugee dislocations of 1991 the Zengana people relocated. [1]

Additional reference[edit]

  • Cecil J. Edmonds, Kurds, Turks and Arabs: Politics, Travel and Research in North-Eastern Iraq, 1919-1925, London, 1957.


  1. ^ a b c d Michiel Leezenberg, ILLC- Department of Philosophy, University of Amsterdam, "Gorani Influence on Central Kurdish" [1]
  2. ^ ReliefWeb, "Sulaymaniyah Governorate assessment report," August 31, 2006,