Zenity

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Zenity
A Zenity infobox as displayed on GNOME 3 (Fedora 17).png
Zenity dialog box, created with the following command:
$ zenity --info --text="This is an information box."
Original author(s) Sun Microsystems
Developer(s) Glynn Foster
Lucas Rocha
Initial release [dubious ]
Development status Active
Operating system Unix-like
License GNU General Public License
Website wiki.gnome.org/Projects/Zenity

Zenity is free software and a cross-platform program that allows the execution of GTK+ dialog boxes in command-line and shell scripts.

Description[edit]

Like tools such as whiptail and dialog, zenity allows for easy creation of GUIs,[1] though it has fewer features than more complex GUI creation tools.[2]

Other scripting languages such as Perl and Python can be used to construct full-scale GUI applications, but the zenity program enables a shell script to interact with a GUI user.... [The] user interface is not as refined as one that could be provided by a full-featured GUI application, but it is perfectly suitable for simple interactions.

— Chris Tyler[3]

Cross-platform compatibility[edit]

As of 2012, Zenity is available for Linux, BSD and Windows.[4] GTK+, the library on which Zenity is based, is also available for Mac OS X,[5] so it should be possible to port Zenity to this platform.

Zenity does not possess any built-in scripting capabilities and it must, therefore, rely on an interpreter for processing. To create a script that runs on more than one platform without extensive modifications, it would be best to use an interpreter that is available on the widest range of operating systems. One option is Python in combination with the PyZenity library.[6]

Cross-platform script example[edit]

A Zenity infobox as displayed on GNOME 3 (Please press a button).png
from PyZenity import InfoMessage
from PyZenity import Question
from PyZenity import ErrorMessage
 
choice=Question('Please press a button.')
 
if choice:
    InfoMessage('You pressed Yes!')
else:
    ErrorMessage('You pressed No!')

Linux Bash shell script example[edit]

#!/bin/sh
 
if zenity --question --text="Please press a button."; then
    zenity --info --text="You pressed Yes\!"
else
    zenity --error --text="You pressed No\!"
fi

Windows example[edit]

@echo off
zenity  --question --ok-label="Yes" --cancel-label="No" --text="Please press a button."
if %ERRORLEVEL% == 1 goto error
    zenity --info --text="You pressed Yes!"
    goto end
:error
    zenity --error --text="You pressed No!"
:end

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cartwright, Ryan (2009-01-30), "More fun with Zenity: shell script/GUI interactivity", Free Software Magazine, retrieved 2011-12-10 
  2. ^ Diehl, Mike (2008-05-12), "Make Your Scripts User Friendly with Zenity", LinuxJournal, retrieved 2011-12-10 
  3. ^ Tyler, Chris (2006), "Chapter 4. Basic System Management", Fedora Linux, O'Reilly Media, pp. 258–259, ISBN 978-0-596-52682-5 
  4. ^ Zenity for Windows, retrieved 2011-12-10 
  5. ^ GTK+ Download: Mac OS X, retrieved 2011-12-10 
  6. ^ Ramos, Brian (2011-04-20), PyZenity, retrieved 2012-11-15 

External links[edit]