Zephyranthes candida

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white rain lily
Arun image32.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Tribe: Hippeastreae
Subtribe: Zephyranthinae
Genus: Zephyranthes
Species: Z. candida
Binomial name
Zephyranthes candida
(Lindl.) Herb.
Synonyms[1]
  • Amaryllis candida Lindl.
  • Amaryllis nivea Schult. & Schult.f.
  • Argyropsis candida (Lindl.) M.Roem.
  • Atamosco candida (Lindl.) Sasaki
  • Plectronema candida (Lindl.) Raf.
  • Zephyranthes nivea (Schult. & Schult.f.) D.Dietr.

Zephyranthes candida, commonly known as the white rain lily, is a species of rain lily native to South America including Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Brazil. The species is widely cultivated as an ornamental and reportedly naturalized in many places (South Africa, Zimbabwe, Seychelles, central and southern China, Korea, Nansei-shoto (Ryukyu Islands), Bhutan, Solomon Islands, Queensland, Nauru, Tonga, Society Islands, Mariana Islands, southeastern United States (from Texas to North Carolina), the Lesser Antilles, and Peru).[2][3]

Leaves are a deep glossy green and measure 3 mm wide. Flowers, which bud late in August (when propagated in the Northern Hemisphere) at first resemble a new leaf, but emerge from their papery sheaves to a stunning whiteness; they are erect in perianth white and sometimes pinkish abaxially. The leaf-like bract is 1.8 to 4 cm. They grow best in full sun to part shade and require a medium wet soil. Propagation is done by dividing bulbs or offsets and from seed.[4][5][6][7]

Zephyranthes candida was first described by John Lindley in 1823 as Amaryllis candida.[5] It was transferred to its current genus in 1826 by William Herbert.[4][8] Other common names of Zephyranthes candida include August rain lily, white zephyr lily, Peruvian swamp-lily, white fairy lily, and autumn zephyr lily.

Cultivation[edit]

Hardiness: USDA zones 7-10.[citation needed]

References[edit]

External links[edit]