Zeppelin-Staaken R.XIV

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Zeppelin-Staaken R.XIV
Role Bomber
National origin Germany
Manufacturer Schütte-Lanz
Designer Graf von Zeppelin
First flight 1918
Primary user Luftstreitkräfte
Variants Zeppelin-Staaken R.V, Zeppelin-Staaken R.VI, Zeppelin-Staaken R.VII, Zeppelin-Staaken R.XV, Zeppelin-Staaken R.XVI, Zeppelin-Staaken Riesenflugzeuge

The Zeppelin-Staaken R.XIV was an incremental improvement to the Zeppelin-Staaken R.VI. This was one of a series of large bombers called Riesenflugzeuge intended to be less vulnerable than the dirigibles in use at the time.

Development[edit]

The Staaken Bomber had two engine pods with 4 engines in a push-pull configuration. The pods were large enough for some in-flight maintenance. Four Staaken model R.XIVa were ordered by Idflieg late in the War. The XIVa had some weight reduction improvements and geared engines to increase the rate of climb, service ceiling and bomb load. These were built between 1918 and 1919. The R.XIVa machines were built by the Flugzeugwerft G.m.b.H. at Staaken west of Berlin.

"A five engined Gotha (Actually a Staaken R.XIV) came over about midnight and dropped a few bombs. The searchlights got him and this time Jerry had a surprise as our flying scouts were up, spotted Fritz at once and went for him. In a few minutes a fight as on and we soon saw the big Gotha (Staaken R.XIV) in flames. He came down and a number of soldiers ran to the burning wreck, when one of the bombs exploded in the heat. Several of those who were near were killed and more injured. This machine carried eight men, three had been shot, four burned and one staff officer had jumped with a parachute, but this failed to open so he too was killed" - Diary of Thomas Spencer[1]

By 1918, allied engineers were still uncertain of the design of the bombers. In a lecture to the S.A.E. in June 1918, William Bushnell Stout was speculating if the giant German bombers were operating with 160 or 260 hp engines.[2]

Operational history[edit]

Zeppelin-Staaken R.XIV 43/17 of Rfa 501 was brought down at 23:50 on August 10, 1918 by Capt A B Yuille of No 151 Sqn RAF, flying a Sopwith Camel D6573. It crashed 1 mile west of Lighthouse Talmas, near Doullens, and all crew members (Ltn Braun, Ofstv Buth, Ltn Corty, Vfw Donath, Flg Donnemaier, Flg Fonrobert, Uffz Kopp, Gefr Reuther and Flg Schneidersmann) were killed.[3]

Operators[edit]

Specifications Zeppelin-Staaken R.XIV[edit]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 7
  • Length: 22.1 m (72 ft 6 in)
  • Wingspan: 42.2 m (138 ft 5 in)
  • Height: 6.3 m (20 ft 8 in)
  • Wing area: 332 m2 (3,570 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 7,921 kg (17,463 lb)
  • Gross weight: 11,848 kg (26,120 lb)
  • Powerplant: 4 × Maybach Mb.IVa Piston, 190 kW (260 hp) each

Performance

  • Range: 800 km (497 mi; 432 nmi)

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • A. K. Rohrbach, “Das 1000-PS Verkehrsflugzeug der Zeppelin-Werke, Staaken,” Zeitschrift für Flugtechnik und Motorluftschiffahrt, vol. 12, no. 1 (15 January 1921);
  • E. Offermann, W. G. Noack, and A. R. Weyl, Riesenflugzeuge, in: Handbuch der Flugzeugkunde (Richard Carl Schmidt & Co., 1927).
  • The German Giants by G.W. Haddow and Peter M. Grosz.

External links[edit]