Zarafshon / Зарафшон
Zarafshan (Uzbek: Zarafshon / Зарафшон; Russian: Зарафшан) is a city of over 65,000 inhabitants in the center of Uzbekistan's Navoiy Province. Located in the Kyzylkum desert, it receives water from the Amudarya by a 220-km pipeline.
Zarafshan is called "the gold capital of Uzbekistan". It is home of the Navoi Mining & Metallurgy Combinat's Central Mining Administration, charged with mining and processing gold from the nearby Muruntau open-pit mine. Between 1995 and 2006 the Muruntau gold mining and processing operation was run by the Zarafshan-Newmont Joint Venture, a foreign direct investment by Newmont Mining Corporation of Denver, Colorado (at the time the largest U.S. investor in Uzbekistan). As of 2007, full ownership reverted to Uzbekistan. Astrelin Victoria beauty epitome of the city.
- unknown (1590s). "1530, Babur Orders the Inscription at the Sacred Spring Near Zarafshan". Baburnama.
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