|Nickname(s): Town of oil industry workers|
|• Akim||Serikbay Turymov Utelgenuly|
|• Total||199 sq mi (51,5 km2)|
|• Land||199 sq mi (51,5 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0,0 km2)|
|Elevation||561 ft (171 m)|
|• Density||3,349.4/sq mi (1,293.20/km2)|
|• Ethnicities||Kazakhs, Russians and other|
|• Religions||Islam,Orthodox Christianity|
|Time zone||+5 (UTC+5)|
Janaozen or Zhanaozen (Kazakh: Жаңаөзен / Jañaözen), formerly known as Novy Uzen (Russian: Новый Узень, until 1993), is a town in the Mangystau Region of Kazakhstan located south-east of the city of Aktau. The name of the town means "new river" in Kazakh. Zhanaozen is a town of region significance. It is completely surrounded by the territory of Karakiya District, but administratively does not belong to the district. Population: 48,871 (2009 Census results); 91,332 (1999 Census results).
The town was founded in 1964, because opening oil a field of Uzen.With 21 October 1968 Novy Uzen took the status of the settlement of city type, and since March 20,1973-the status of the town of region significance. In June 1989 in Novy Uzen there were large disorders on the national soil. 7 October 1993-Novy Uzen is renamed into Zhanaozen.
2011 oil strike
In May 2011, workers from the Ozenmunaigas oil field went on strike over pay. The strike was declared illegal by local courts and the state oil company sacked nearly 1000 employees. Some of the sacked workers then occupied the town square in protest. On 16 December 2011 police were accused of firing on them. Fifteen people (workers and police officers) were killed according to government officials, though opposition sources put the death toll in the dozens. In disturbances that day local government offices, a hotel and an office of the state oil company were set on fire, according to General Prosecutor Askhat Daulbayev. Eighty-six people were injured in the clashes – according to the authorities – and due to shortage of hospital beds in Zhanaozen, many were taken to be treated in the regional capital Aktau, about 150 km away.
On 17 December, a state of emergency was declared, roads into Zhanaozen were blocked, and the local airport was closed for incoming flights. Mobile phone coverage was blocked, as were internet connections.
Trials and allegations of torture and abuse
A trial of protesters began in Aktau in May 2012. Many defendants complained that they had been physically abused, and some even tortured, while in police custody and during interrogation. Some witnesses also claimed they had been threatened by police into giving false testimony.
Two further trials of security officials are taking place.
In the media
Popular Kazakh singer Bavyrjan released a song which openly criticised president Nazarbayev for not listening to the complaints of Zhanaozen's demonstrating workers. The song was banned by the government.
Location and geography
Zhanaozen is located in the desert on Mangyshlak Peninsula.The town costs in the desert, weak hill district.
Climate of the town sharply-continental. Strong winds are present on a big extent of year. Winters not long, but rather frosty. Average winter temperature -5 -7 degrees Celsius, can sometimes reach -15 -17 degrees Celsius. Snow cover low power. Strong winds cause long snowstorms. Summer always hot, droughty and long. Average summer temperature +34 +36 degrees Celsius, can sometimes reach +45 degrees Celsius. The extremely rare rains have storm character. Average annual amount of precipitation of 120 mm. Rainfall is evenly distributed for all year slightly the increase in rainfall is observed during the spring period.
|Climate data for Zhanaozen|
|Average high °C (°F)||0.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−2.9
|Average low °C (°F)||−6.5
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||8
The town is the monotown. A primary branch is oil and gas industry. The town - forming enterprises are-JSC "Ozenmunaigas" and "KazGPZ" LLP which are engaged in oil and gas production. For last year by the industrial enterprises of the town it is made production for 141,9 billion tenge. In a total amount of industrial production on area about 6,2 percent fall to the share of the town. For last year it was constructed howsing with a total area of 86,3 thousand square meters. Average monthly nominal earnings of 230 000 tenge(or 1300 $). A high wage level at workers of oil and gas industry.
Population of the town with adjacent villages Kyzylsay(3500 people), Tenge(18700 people) and Rakhat(30800 people) for the end of the reporting periode made 129600 people or 22,2 percent of all population of region. In comparison of 2012 the population increased on 4500 people due to birth rate growth. National structure- kazakhs, russians, karakalpaks and other nations.
- "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- Жанаозен (in Russian). Nur.kz. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
- Об итогах рейтинга городов и районов Мангистауской области по динамике социально-экономического развития за 3 квартал 2011 года. Огни Мангистау (in Russian) (Aktau). 15 November 2011. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
- "Abuse claims swamp Kazakh oil riot trial". BBC. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- Kazakh oil strike: 10 dead in Zhanaozen clashes, BBC, retrieved 16/12/2011
- Kazakhstan curfew on oil town Zhanaozen after fatal clashes, BBC, retrieved 17/12/2011