Zhanran (Chinese: 湛然; pinyin: Zhànrán; Wade–Giles: Chan-jan; 711-782) was the sixth patriarch of the Tiantai school of Chinese Buddhism. His lay surname was Qi 戚 and he was also known as Jingqi 荊溪 after his birthplace (in modern day Yixing 宜興 county, Jiangsu province). Zhanran is best known for his scriptural exegesis of such works as Zhiyi's Mohe zhiguan (The Great Calming and Contemplation), as well as his promotion of the doctrine of universal Buddha-nature. He is the author of The Adamantine Scalpel (金剛錍 Jin'gang Pi) among other works.
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