Zhdanovka River

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This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.

The Zhdanovka River (Russian: Ждановка Река) is a short river in the Neva River delta in Saint Petersburg, Russia. It separates Petrogradsky Island from Petrovsky Island.

History[edit]

In the 17th century, the river did not have a specific name; however, it was sometimes referred to the St. Nicholas river (named after the chapel of the nearby Church of the Assumption). The place was also called "Mokrushi" (Russian:Мокруши) because the area is surrounded by wetlands.[clarification needed] In the 19th century, construction began on the deserted island Petrovsky. The Zhdanov brothers, Ivan and Nicholas, where the first to be granted land on the island. The Zhdanovs lined the river banks of the Malaya Neva River to the current Little Petrovsky Bridge. Here, the brothers built a chemical-pharmaceutical plant, which drew up the birch tar and wood vinegar.[clarification needed] The Brother's development of the area led their name being used refer to the river and the street along it. On the left bank of the river, the Petrovsky park was developed with lakes and canals.

Geography[edit]

The river flows in a northwesterly direction. The river is 2.2 km long, has an average width of about 30 m, and depths ranging from 2.2 to 4.0 m. The river has an average a flow rate of 14m3/ sec. The area is home to the city landfill.

In the lower reaches of the banks are industrial enterprises, including a Vulcan Inc. plant, a Bavarian brewery, and others. The left bank is equipped with a wooden pile fastening, which to date has become unfit for duty or almost completely destroyed.[clarification needed] The coastal slope is covered with tree and shrub vegetation. The right bank is also overgrown with tree and shrub vegetation. Surrounding areas are covered with large boulders, pebbles, gravel and construction debris. There are numerous piers and jetties.

Stabilization of the river banks[edit]

Both banks of the Zhdanovka river have been strengthened with wooden walls to prevent soil erosion. A wooden wall in ruins on the left bank preserves the lower Little Petrovsky Bridge. The first section of shore protection was built on the slopes of the Tuchkova dam on the right bank. Zhdanivka Tuchkova from bridge to bridge Zhdanov in 1931–1935 years.[clarification needed] The project engineers were G.K. Usov, I.B. Tarasenko and the architect was K. M. Dmitriev. It was a low wall on wooden stilts with a curved outline of the slope, fenced diabase paving, and cast iron fence art casting.[clarification needed] In 1962, this segment was rebuilt with a high granite wall. The project engineer was G.S. Yakovleva, and the architect was L.A. Noskov. As a result, the channel narrowed to 48 m from it original width of 54m. At the same time, a low wall was built around the stadium. From 1963 to 1976, the bank of the river was fortified with more durable materials in the form of a low granite wall with a light pile foundation and a gentle green slope. 340 meters downstream from the Little Petrovsky Bridge right bank of the river Zhdanivka, including the tip of Cape Leontief, reinforced concrete retaining wall, which is now virtually destroyed. [clarification needed]

Zhdanivka bridge[edit]

The wooden bridges that cross the river have existed since 1817. The first was a cadet bridge, which was originally located downstream. The Zhdanovsky bridge number 2 was built in 1939 for the passage to the sports center in place. Zhdanovsky bridge number 1 was dismantled after the construction of high wall on the right bank of the river.

References[edit]

  • Нежиховский Р. А. Вопросы гидрологии реки Невы и Невской губы. — Л.: Гидрометеоиздат, ГГИ, 1988.