Zhijiang Airport

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Zhijiang Airport
芷江机场
Zhǐjiāng Jīchǎng
IATA: HJJICAO: ZGCJ
Summary
Airport type Public
Serves Huaihua
Location Zhijiang County, Hunan
Coordinates 27°26′29″N 109°41′59″E / 27.44139°N 109.69972°E / 27.44139; 109.69972Coordinates: 27°26′29″N 109°41′59″E / 27.44139°N 109.69972°E / 27.44139; 109.69972
Map
HJJ is located in Hunan
HJJ
HJJ
Location of airport in Hunan
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04/22 2,200 7,218
Zhijiang Airport
Traditional Chinese 芷江機場
Simplified Chinese 芷江机场

Zhijiang Airport (IATA: HJJICAO: ZGCJ) is an airport serving the city of Huaihua in Hunan Province, China. It is located in Zhijiang Dong Autonomous County, 31 kilometers from the city center. The airport was built in 1942 and was the second largest military airfield in the Far East for the Allies during World War II.[1] On 21 August 1945 Japan officially surrendered to China near the airfield.[2] Construction to convert the airport for civilian use was started in December 2002 and the airport was reopened in September 2004.[1]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
China Southern Airlines Beijing-Capital, Changsha, Chengdu, Guangzhou, Shenzhen
Spring Airlines Kunming, Shanghai-Hongqiao
Tianjin Airlines Haikou, Xi'an

World War II[edit]

During World War II, the airport was known as Chihkiang (Chih Kiang) Airfield (which is the Wade-Giles transcription of the same name) and was used by the United States Army Air Forces Fourteenth Air Force as part of the China Defensive Campaign (1942–1945). Its primary use by the Americans was as an airborne photo-reconnaissance and as a transport airfield.[3]

Chihkiang Air Base was also the headquarters of the Fourteenth Air Force Chinese-American Composite Wing (Provisional) (CACW), whose squadrons flew P-40 Warhawk aircraft. The operational units of the CACW were jointly commanded by both American and Chinese air force officers, and the unit's aircraft were jointly manned by American and Chinese pilots and air crewmen.[4][5] On 10 April 1945, the Japanese started an offensive for Chihkiang, however, by 10 May the CACW had attacked and mauled the Japanese forces so severely, the Japanese had to retreat to Paoching.[6]

The Americans closed their facilities at the airport in early October 1945.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hunan Zhijiang Airport to officially open
  2. ^ 芷江机场
  3. ^ Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4
  4. ^ Chinese-American Composite Wing (Provisional)
  5. ^ USAFHRA Document 00077504
  6. ^ USAFHRA document 00056109