Zhiuli Shartava

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Zhiuli Shartava
ჟიული შარტავა
Head of the Ministers of Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia
In office
January 11, 1990 – September 27, 1993
President Zviad Gamsakhurdia
Council of Self-Defence of Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia
In office
1992–1993
President Eduard Shevardnadze
Personal details
Born (1944-03-07)March 7, 1944
Sukhumi, Abkhazian ASSR, Georgian SSR, Soviet Union
Died September 27, 1993(1993-09-27) (aged 49)
Sukhumi, Abkhazia, Georgia

Zhiuli Shartava (Georgian: ჟიული შარტავა) (March 7, 1944 – September 27, 1993) was a Georgian politician and the Head of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia who was killed by Abkhaz militants during the ethnic cleansing of Georgians in Abkhazia in 1993.

Shartava was born on March 7, 1944 in Sukhumi, Abkhaz ASSR. An engineer by education, he was elected to the Parliament of Georgia in 1992. Shartava chaired the legal Council of Ministers and the Council of Self-Defence of Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia during the Georgian-Abkhazian War in 1993. When the city of Sukhumi fell to the Russian-supported separatist forces on September 27, 1993, Shartava with other members of the Abkhaz Government (Guram Gabiskiria, Raul Eshba, Mamia Alasania, Sumbat Saakian, Misha Kokaia and others) refused to flee and were captured by the Abkhaz militants. Initially they were promised safety,[1] however Shartava and others from the Council of Ministers were killed by the militants and according to UN report Shartava was excessively tortured.[2] In 2005, American journalist Malcolm Linton displayed his photo materials taken during the war in Abkhazia at the art gallery in Tbilisi, where Shartavas body was identified among the pile of corpses, clearly visible on one of the photographs. On video materials taken during the capture of Sukhumi by the militants, Shartava is carried out from the Government building and physically assaulted, after which he was forced into the van and taken to the outskirts of Sukhumi where he was killed with other Georgian and Abkhaz members of the government and their staff. Shartava's body was handed over to the Georgian side and was buried in the western Georgian city of Senaki.[3][4] In 1994, Shartava was officially honored as the National Hero of Georgia posthumously in 2004.

Malcolm Lintons Photo gallery in Tbilisi where Shartavas body was identified among the piles of corpses on the photograph.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zhiuli Shartava memorial page at the Wayback Machine (archived July 2, 2007)
  2. ^ Report of the UN Secretary General on the situation in Abkhazia, Georgia, October 12, 1993
  3. ^ Vakhtang Kholbaia, Labyrinth of Abkhazia, 1999
  4. ^ Conflict in the Caucasus: Georgia, Abkhazia, and the Russian Shadow (App Labour History Series; No. 3) by Svetlana Mikhailovna Chervonnaia

External links[edit]