Zhob River

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Zhob River (Pashto: ژوب سيند‎) is located in Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The total length of the Zhob River is 410 km, and it flows on a generally northeasterly course. Linguistically the name is Irano-Aryan in origin and compares etymologically to those of the Little Zab and Great Zab rivers in the Tigris Basin. In the Pashto language, Zhob means "oozing water".[1] The older name Yavyāvati of the Rigveda may refer to the Zhob River.[2]

The Zhob River originates in the Kan Metarzai range (Tsari Mehtarazai Pass).[3] It passes about 4 km west of the city of Zhob. As a tributary of the Gomal River, which it joins near Khajuri Kach,[1] it forms a part of the Indus River Basin.

The Zhob River is used to irrigate the land in northern Balochistan along with the Gomal River, making the fertile soil available for agriculture. Although in the 1960s and 1970s degradation of the channel of the Zhob decreased the irrigable acreage.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Zhob District". Khyber Gateway. 1 April 2005. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. 
  2. ^ Erdosy, George (1995). The Indo-Aryans of Ancient South Asia: Language, Material Culture and Ethnicity. Indian Philology and South Asian Studies, volume 1. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. p. 317. ISBN 978-3-11-014447-5. 
  3. ^ Gupta, Om (2006). "Zhob River". Encyclopaedia of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, Volume 9. Delhi: Isha Books. p. 2658. ISBN 978-81-8205-398-4. 
  4. ^ Verheijen, Olaf (1998). Community Irrigation Systems in the Province of Balochistan (PDF). Lahore, Pakistan: International Irrigation Management Institute. p. 43. OCLC 152564336. 


Coordinates: 32°04′N 69°51′E / 32.067°N 69.850°E / 32.067; 69.850