Zhong’anlun Monument

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Zhong’anlun Monument (Chinese: 中安轮遇难烈士纪念馆) is a memorial monument dedicated to the victims of the Yangtze River ferry disaster that occurred in October 1945, during the Chinese Civil War. Opened in October 1987, it is located in the [1] Taixing Park on the north side of Taixing City in Taizhou, Jiangsu province.


On 15 October 1945, about one thousand people boarded the ferry Zhong’anlun (中安轮号)to cross the Yangtze River to Taixing City from Wujin County (武进县), on the orders that came from the Community Party. Unfortunately, because the ferry was too old to fight against the river conditions, the ferry sank about 2000m south of Taixing City. The accident resulted in a huge loss of life, with more than 800 people perished.

Four decades later, the Jiangsu provincial government decided to build a memorial in the honor of the martyrs who lost their life in the disaster. On 15 October 1987, the day of the 42nd anniversary of the ferry sinking, the Zhong’anlun Memorial was officially opened to the public.


The Monuments[edit]

The environment of the memorial hall is beautiful and solemn with many hemlocks and other plants. The first scene in the memorial is a horizontal monument 6.4 m wide; the front of the monument carries a vigorous and forceful inscription of eight Chinese characters: 烈士英灵,永镇江海 ("The heroic spirit of the martyrs will abide forever, as long as the river [flows into] the sea"), by the hero general Ye Fei. On the back of the monument is an inscriptions in honor of those martyrs.

Another monument at the site is a magnificent stone stele, 18.8 m high, with the inscription "Monument to the martyrs of the New Fourth Army's Jiangsu-Zhejiang Military Region who perished while crossing the river during their retreat to the north" (新四军苏浙军区北撤渡江死难烈士碑)", written by Ye Fei too. The base of monument resembles a sinking boat, to make a metaphor of the cause of martyrs’ death. The side of the monument looks like a leaping spray, symbolizing the revolutionary spirit of the martyrs that can be eternal as long as the Yangtze River, from generation to generation.

The Exhibition Room[edit]

The exhibition room is the most important part of the memorial, and it is divided into three parts. They are “Suzhe Military Region, great achievements”, “the great fame of martyrs, and the hopeful future of generation” and “inherit tradition, carry forward”. There are many historical photos and biographies of martyrs are displayed here, including 63 photos, five charts and four entities. Their heroic deeds are admired by many tourists every year, especially in the Tomb Sweeping Day. Those materials are divided into two parts according to Military Regions, Jiangsu province and Zhejiang province.


The Graveyard[edit]

The graveyard is located out of the showroom, and there are 800 martyrs buried in the cemetery. It looks like a round bed, and it covers an area of 98 square meters with 2.5 meters’ diameter. The graveyard is surrounded by many hemlocks, which makes the phenomenon very solemn.