Zhonghe District, with Taipei 101 in the background
Location of Zhonghe in New Taipei City
|Country||Republic of China|
|Special municipality||New Taipei City (新北市)|
|• Mayor||Chiu Chui-yi 邱垂益 (KMT)|
|• Total||20.294 km2 (7.836 sq mi)|
|Population (January 2014)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC+8)|
Zhonghe District (Chinese: 中和區; Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōnghé Qū; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhonghé Cyu, Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tiong-hô Khu), historically spelled Chung-Ho and Jhonghe, is an inner city district in New Taipei in northern Taiwan (Republic of China). Zhonghe is a burgeoning satellite city of Taipei.
Geography and climate
Zhonghe lies just south-west of Taipei City and shares borders with Banqiao, Xindian, Tucheng and Yonghe Districts of New Taipei City, as well as Taipei City. The average annual temperature is 21.7 °C (71.1 °F) and the precipitation averages 2,111 millimetres (83.1 in) per year. Most of Zhonghe lies a few tens of meters above sea level and is heavily urbanized, with forested hillier country in the southeast. A mountainous ridge forms most of the eastern border with Xindian, which includes the highest point in Zhonghe, the 302-meter Fenglusai (Chinese: 風爐塞山; pinyin: Fēnglúsài Shān).
The present-day area of Zhonghe District was originally settled by aboriginal tribes. During conflict between the colonial forces of the Dutch and the Spanish, the area is recorded by the Dutch as Chiron, from the name of one of the tribes living there. This name is preserved in one of the constituent villages of the city, called Xiulang Li (秀朗里), and the bridge which connects Zhonghe to Xindian.
The area was subsequently settled by Han migrants from Fujian but remained relatively unimportant until the end of the Second World War. In 1946 the population of the area of present-day Zhonghe and Yonghe was 30,000 and it was classified as a rural township (鄉 xiāng).
Due to rapid population growth Yonghe was separated from Zhonghe in 1958. Subsequently, on January 1, 1979, Zhonghe was upgraded to county-controlled city status after reaching a population of 170,000. On 25 December 2010, due to the changing from Taipei County to New Taipei City, Zhonghe City was changed to Zhonghe District.
Zhonghe is divided into 93 lǐ (里; villages), which are further subdivided into lín (鄰; neighbourhoods), of which there are 2,972 in total. Some administration is shared with neighbouring Yonghe District; due to both this and their proximity, they are sometimes collectively known as Shuanghe (雙和; literally Twin "He", because both cities feature the character 和 (hé) in their names). This is also reflected in the names of various institutions such as Shuang Ho Hospital in Zhonghe and Shuanghe Libai Church in Yonghe.
Zhonghe is served by the Zhonghe Line of the Taipei Metro, three stations of which are located in the city: Yong'an Market, Jing'an and the terminal station, Nanshijiao. Scheduled to begin operation in December 2015, the Circular Line will add a further five metro stations in Zhonghe, and transform Jingan Station into an interchange station between the Circular and Zhonghe lines. Further into the future, the Wanda Line and the North-South section of the Yellow Line will eventually bring the number of MRT stations in Zhonghe to fifteen. The closest regular rail and high-speed services are from Banqiao Station in neighbouring Banqiao District.
Zhonghe has an interchange on one of Taiwan's two main north-south road arteries; the National Highway 3. Also providing road links is Provincial Highway 64, an elevated expressway that cuts through the middle of the district, with several on and off-ramps in Zhonghe itself. There are two bridges over the Xindian River; Xiulang Bridge, which connects Zhonghe with Xindian, and Huazhong Bridge, reaching Taipei's Wanhua District.
There are nine elementary schools, four junior high schools, one senior high school, and three private high schools in Zhonghe. The Hwa Hsia Institute of Technology is also located in the city.
The offices of a number of technology companies are located in the district, including the Asia-Pacific head office of Viewsonic, a Texas Instruments research facility, the head offices of Cooler Master, and Micro-Star International.
Cultural and religious sites
- Hongludi Temple
- Yuantong Temple
- Xingnan Night Market
- Fangliao Night Market
Huaxin Street (華新街), near Nanshijiao MRT Station, is home to a large proportion of Taiwan's small Burmese immigrant population. Zhonghe District is home to 40,000 Burmese Chinese (2008), making up 10% of Zhonghe's population, and constituting one of the largest communities of Burmese Chinese outside of Burma. Consequently there are numerous stores and restaurants in this area selling Burmese produce and there are also cultural events on occasion.
- Lin Ching-i - Chinese Taipei women's volleyball player
Twin towns — sister cities
Zhonghe, Taiwan is twinned with:
- 歷年人口統計 (Historical population figures) (in Chinese), Zhonghe District Government
- 台北縣中和市行政區域圖 (Jhonghe, Taipei County), Ministry of the Interior, 2007, ISBN 978-986009391-9
- 諸羅縣志 (Zhu-Luo County Annals).
- "History". Zhonghe City Government. Archived from the original on 2008-03-13. Retrieved 2008-07-18.
- About SHH, Shuang Ho Hospital
- 本堂簡介 (Introduction to the Church) (in Chinese), Shuanghe Libai Church
- "Locations". Viewsonic. Retrieved 2008-07-27.
- "TI Worldwide Sales & Support Offices". Texas Instruments. Retrieved 2008-07-27.
- "Contact Us". Cooler Master. Archived from the original on 2008-05-26. Retrieved 2008-08-09.
- "About Us". Micro-Star International. Retrieved 2008-08-09.
- Lu, Hsin-chun Tasaw (2008). "Festivalizing Thingyan, Negotiating Ethnicity: Burmese Chinese Migrants in Taiwan". Journal of Burma Studies 12: 30. doi:10.1353/jbs.2008.0001.
- "Tapping the Grapevine". American Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2008-07-16.[dead link]
- Los Gatos Weekly-Times | Monte Sereno Sister City
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