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|Jungli City · 中壢市|
|• Mayor||Ming-Che Lu (魯明哲)|
|• Total||76.52 km2 (29.54 sq mi)|
|Population (Dec. 2010)|
|• Density||4,800/km2 (13,000/sq mi)|
Jungli (also Jhongli or Zhongli), formerly Chungli (and spelled Tionglek or Tiongliek in the 19th century), is a city in Taoyuan County of Taiwan. Zhongli is not always spelt consistently throughout the railway, bus stop or road plates, thus it can be quite confusing for English-only readers. It became a city before Taoyuan City, the county seat of Taoyuan County. Jungli is ranked 2nd by population in county-controlled city only after Taoyuan city. Historically, the city is the stage of the Jungli Incident (中壢事件) of 1977, the most significant event of the democratization movements of Taiwan prior to the 1980s. Ethnically, it is considered a kind of capital city for the Hakka people who live in great numbers here and in surrounding areas, a lot of the elderly could speak Hakka in addition to Mandarin and Taiwanese. In recent years a large number of foreign workers (mainly from the Philippines and Thailand) have also settled in and around the city due to the heavy industries in the suburbs of the city, making it a center for foreign laborers. The city of Jungli has 3 large parks and over 70 green reserves in the city for residences of Jungli city to enjoy.
Jungli is one of the most immigrated cities due to its convenience and proximity to Taipei (easy to commute). Jungli has on average 7,000 Taiwanese aboriginal. Jungli is subdivided into 85 Lis, with the 8 biggest Li on the western territory but least populated (39 Squared Kilometers but 35 thousand people). While the Eastern side is occupied by industrial factories and the heart of the meteropolitan area. This reflects the imbalance of development of the Western and Eastern Zhongli.
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In the 19th century, the area was home to Pingpu aborigines. During the Qing Dynasty, immigrants from Fujian and Guangdong Provinces arrived along with the Hakka. The original name of the area was "Chientzuli" (澗仔壢) due to its location between Tamsui and Hsinchu.
The city of Jungli is mainly centered around the TRA Jhongli Station. The TRA station is the 3rd busiest station of Taiwan. In addition, there is also a Neili station stop of the TRA. The only station situated in Taoyuan of the Taiwan High Speed Rail also lies in 15 min drive from Jungli downtown, provided that there are free shuttle buses from downtown to THSR station every 15–20 minutes. The MRT railway is branched from Taipei still under construction and estimated to finish in 2014.
Jungli is served by both National Highway No. 1 and Provincial Highway No. 66. The nationally owned e-go highway buses, near the Jungli Station, are an inexpensive means of transport to other cities. In addition, the Taiwan Railway Administration Jungli Station provides conventional train connections to other Taiwanese cities.
Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport or the biggest airport of Taiwan is situated within half an hour drive of the Jungli downtown.
Department Store & Shops
THSR Jungli Station is surrounded by shops on the street and Jungli also has a SOGO branched department store. Jungli night market opens daily usuaully from 6pm to 1am. In addition there are two focus of street shops, known as Ta-tung (大同商圈) and Jung-ping (中平商圈), both are within half an hour walk from the Zhongli station.
The Jungli-Neili Industrial park was established in 1976 December. This is a Combined multipurpose industry, controlled by the Economic Bureau of Taiwan, with a total area of 433 yards. There are currently 480 companies that have either built factories or offices here, including electronic, metal, chemical, mechanical, food, textile and plastic manufacturers.
- Jungli City Library, four floors of books, allowed to be borrowed for a month. (Jungli Library Official website(Chinese))
- Neili Library
- National Central University
- Chung Yuan Christian University
- Yuan Ze University
- Ching Yun University
- Wan Neng University
- Nanya Institute of Technology
- Sheng-te Christian College
- Academies and institutes
- Public high schools
- National Jungli Senior High School
- National Neili Senior High School
- National Jungli Commercial High School
- Yuan Hua Uan 元化院 (Chinese)
- Un Ping Temple 永平寺 (Chinese)
- Yuan Gaung Chan Temple 圓光禪寺 (Chinese)
- Chi Hui Temple 中壢慈惠堂 (Chinese)
- "History". Jungli City. 2010-06-21. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
- "Education and Culture". Jungli City. 2010-06-21. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
- Yuan Kwang Buddhist Academy, Taiwan.
- Army Academy R.O.C., Taiwan.
- National Jungli Senior High School, Zhongli, Taiwan.
- National Jungli Commercial High School, Jungli, Taiwan.
- Jungli City International Information website (Chinese)
- Jungli City website (English)
- Taoyuan County Government's Cultural Affairs Bureau (English)
- Jungli Industrial Park Service Center (Chinese)