Zhongli

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Zhongli
中壢市
County-controlled city
Clockwise from top left: Jungli night sky, day sky, 2012 Dec 31 at HSR, Jungli city library. Center: Jungli nightmarket
Clockwise from top left: Jungli night sky, day sky, 2012 Dec 31 at HSR, Jungli city library. Center: Jungli nightmarket
Location of Zhongli
Coordinates: 24°57′25″N 121°13′25″E / 24.95694°N 121.22361°E / 24.95694; 121.22361Coordinates: 24°57′25″N 121°13′25″E / 24.95694°N 121.22361°E / 24.95694; 121.22361
Country  Taiwan
County Taoyuan County
Government
 • Mayor Lu Ming-che (魯明哲)
Area
 • Total 76.52 km2 (29.54 sq mi)
Population (Jan. 2014)
 • Total 379,127
 • Density 5,000/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Postal code 320
Area code(s) (0)34
Website http://www.junglicity.gov.tw/en/
Zhōngli City
Traditional Chinese 中壢
Simplified Chinese 中坜

Zhongli (also Jhongli or Jungli), formerly Chungli (and spelled Tionglek or Tiongliek in the 19th century), is a city in Taoyuan County of Taiwan. Zhongli is not always spelt consistently throughout the railway, bus stop or road plates, thus it can be quite confusing for English-only readers. It became a city before Taoyuan City, the county seat of Taoyuan County. Zhongli is ranked second in population among county-controlled cities only after Taoyuan city. Historically, the city is the stage of the Jungli Incident (中壢事件) of 1977, the most significant event of the democratization movements of Taiwan prior to the 1980s. Ethnically, it is considered a kind of capital city for the Hakka people who live in great numbers here and in surrounding areas, a lot of the elderly could speak Hakka in addition to Mandarin and Taiwanese.[1] In recent years a large number of foreign workers (mainly from the Philippines and Thailand) have also settled in and around the city due to the heavy industries in the suburbs of the city, making it a center for foreign laborers.[2] The city of Zhongli has 3 large parks and over 70 green reserves in the city for residences of Zhongli city to enjoy.

Zhongli City government building
2012 Dec 31 New Year Ceremony, over 100,000 peoeple.
Jungli City Ground Under construction.
South of Jungli City.
Jungli SOGO
Night market in Zhongli.
The only Cinema of Jungli.
Jungli City viewed during daytime.
Jungli City Library frontview.

Demographics[edit]

Zhongli is one of the most immigrated cities due to its convenience and proximity to Taipei (easy to commute). Zhongli has on average 7,000 Taiwanese aboriginal residents.[3] Zhongli is subdivided into 85 Lis, with the eight biggest Li on the western territory but least populated (39 square kilometers but 35 thousand people), while the eastern side is occupied by industrial factories and the heart of the metropolitan area. This reflects the imbalance of development of the western and eastern Zhongli.

Geography[edit]

History[edit]

Jungli City Health Department.

In the 19th century, the area was home to Pingpu aborigines. During the Qing Dynasty, immigrants from Fujian and Guangdong Provinces arrived along with the Hakka.[4] The original name of the area was "Chientzuli" (澗仔壢) due to its location between Tamsui and Hsinchu.

Transportation[edit]

TRA Jhongli Station

The city of Zhongli is mainly centered around the TRA Jhongli Station. The TRA station is the 3rd busiest station of Taiwan. In addition, there is also a Neili station stop of the TRA. The only station situated in Taoyuan of the Taiwan High Speed Rail also lies in 15 min drive from Zhongli downtown, provided that there are free shuttle buses from downtown to THSR station every 15–20 minutes. The MRT railway is branched from Taipei still under construction and estimated to finish in 2014.

Zhongli is served by both National Highway No. 1 and Provincial Highway No. 66. The nationally owned e-go highway buses, near the Zhongli Station, are an inexpensive means of transport to other cities. In addition, the Taiwan Railway Administration Zhongli Station provides conventional train connections to other Taiwanese cities.

Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport or the biggest airport of Taiwan is situated within half an hour drive of the Zhongli downtown.

Department Store and Shops[edit]

THSR Zhongli Station is surrounded by shops on the street and Zhongli also has a SOGO branched department store. Zhongli night market opens daily usually from 6 pm to 1 am. In addition there are two focus of street shops, known as Ta-tung (大同商圈) and Jung-ping (中平商圈), both are within half an hour walk from the Zhongli station.

Industry[edit]

The Jungli-Neili Industrial park was established in 1976 December. This is a Combined multipurpose industry, controlled by the Economic Bureau of Taiwan, with a total area of 433 yards. There are currently 480 companies that have either built factories or offices here, including electronic, metal, chemical, mechanical, food, textile and plastic manufacturers.

Education[edit]

Library
Universities[5]
Academies and institutes
Public high schools

Religious organizations[edit]

Buddhist Temples

Christian Churches

Muslim Mosque

Tourist attractions[edit]

Sister Cities[edit]

Notable natives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]