Zhongli District

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Zhongli District
中壢區
District
Clockwise from top left: Zhongli night sky, day sky, 2012 Dec 31 at HSR, Zhongli city library. Center: Zhongli night market
Clockwise from top left: Zhongli night sky, day sky, 2012 Dec 31 at HSR, Zhongli city library. Center: Zhongli night market
Location of Zhongli District
Coordinates: 24°57′25″N 121°13′25″E / 24.95694°N 121.22361°E / 24.95694; 121.22361Coordinates: 24°57′25″N 121°13′25″E / 24.95694°N 121.22361°E / 24.95694; 121.22361
Country  Taiwan
City Taoyuan City
Area
 • Total 76.52 km2 (29.54 sq mi)
Population (Jan. 2014)
 • Total 379,127
 • Density 5,000/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Postal code 320
Area code(s) (0)34
Website http://163.29.191.47/en2013/index.asp
Zhōngli District
Traditional Chinese 中壢
Simplified Chinese 中坜

Zhongli District (中壢區) is a district in Taoyuan City, Taiwan. Zhongli is not always spelt consistently throughout the railway, bus stop or road plates, thus it can be quite confusing for English-only readers. Historically, the city is the stage of the Jungli Incident (中壢事件) of 1977, the most significant event of the democratization movements of Taiwan prior to the 1980s. Ethnically, it is considered a kind of capital city for the Hakka people who live in great numbers here and in surrounding areas, a lot of the elderly could speak Hakka in addition to Mandarin and Taiwanese.[1] In recent years a large number of foreign workers (mainly from the Philippines and Thailand) have also settled in and around the city due to the heavy industries in the suburbs of the city, making it a center for foreign laborers.[2] The city of Zhongli has 3 large parks and over 70 green reserves in the city for residences of Zhongli to enjoy.

Zhongli District government building
Zhongli

History[edit]

In the 19th century, the area was home to Pingpu aborigines. During the Qing Dynasty, immigrants from Fujian and Guangdong Provinces arrived along with the Hakka.[3] The original name of the area was "Jianzili" (澗仔壢) due to its location between Tamsui and Hsinchu. On 25 December 2014, it was upgraded to a district of Taoyuan City.

Demographics[edit]

Zhongli is one of the most immigrated cities due to its convenience and proximity to Taipei (easy to commute). Zhongli has on average 7,000 Taiwanese aboriginal residents.[4] Zhongli is subdivided into 85 Lis, with the eight biggest Li on the western territory but least populated (39 square kilometers but 35 thousand people), while the eastern side is occupied by industrial factories and the heart of the metropolitan area. This reflects the imbalance of development of the western and eastern Zhongli.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Houliao Village, Mingde Village, Zhishan Village, Longci Village, Longxing Village, Longde Village, Longgang Village, Longtung Village, Longchang Village, Longping Village, Renmei Village, Renfu Village, Huaai Village, Puren Village, Puzhong Village, Pujiang Village, Puqing Village, Xinyi Village, Zhengyi Village, Puyi Village, Deyi Village, Renyi Village, Zhongyi Village, Longan Village, Renai Village, Rende Village, Renhe Village, Renxiang Village, Huaxun Village, Zhongjian Village, Xingren Village, Zhongzheng Village, Zhongshan Village, Duhang Village, Zijiang Village, Zhongxing Village, Zili Village, Zixin Village, Zhuangjing Village, Zizhi Village, Neili Village, Chenggong Village, Fude Village, Zhongyuan Village, Zhongxiao Village, Fuxing Vil. Fuhua Village, Wenhua Village, Heping Village, Neiding Village, Shitou Village, Zhongyang Village, Xinxing Village, Linsen Village, Zhenxing Village, Tungxing Village, Jianhang Village, Shuiwei Village, Jinhua Village, Zhongfu Village, Xingfu Vil.lage, Yongfu Village, Jingpu Village, Xinjie Village, Xingnan Village, Xingguo Village, Xingping Vil. Xinghe Village, Yongxing Village, Zhongli Village, Zhongrong Village, Zhongjian Village, Jiuming Village, Xinming Village, Guangming Village, Yongguang Village, Sanmin Village, Wuquan Village, Wufu Village, Zhiba Village, Qiaxi Vil. Neicuo Village, Yuemei Village, Shantung Village, Guoling Village.[5]

Economy[edit]

Department Store and Shops[edit]

THSR Zhongli Station is surrounded by shops on the street and Zhongli also has a SOGO branched department store. Zhongli night market opens daily usually from 6 pm to 1 am. In addition there are two focus of street shops, known as Ta-tung (大同商圈) and Jung-ping (中平商圈), both are within half an hour walk from the Zhongli station.

Industry[edit]

The Zhongli-Neili Industrial park was established in 1976 December. This is a Combined multipurpose industry, controlled by the Economic Bureau of Taiwan, with a total area of 433 yards. There are currently 480 companies that have either built factories or offices here, including electronic, metal, chemical, mechanical, food, textile and plastic manufacturers.

Education[edit]

Library
Universities[6]
Academies and institutes
Public high schools

Religious organizations[edit]

Buddhist Temples

Christian Churches

Muslim Mosque

Tourist attractions[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The city of Zhongli is mainly centered around the TRA Zhongli Station. The TRA station is the 3rd busiest station of Taiwan. In addition, there is also a Neili station stop of the TRA. The only station situated in Taoyuan of the Taiwan High Speed Rail also lies in 15 min drive from Zhongli downtown, provided that there are free shuttle buses from downtown to THSR station every 15–20 minutes. The MRT railway is branched from Taipei still under construction and estimated to finish in 2014.

Zhongli is served by both National Highway No. 1 and Provincial Highway No. 66. The nationally owned e-go highway buses, near the Zhongli Station, are an inexpensive means of transport to other cities. In addition, the Taiwan Railway Administration Zhongli Station provides conventional train connections to other Taiwanese cities.

Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport or the biggest airport of Taiwan is situated within half an hour drive of the Zhongli downtown.

Sister Cities[edit]

Notable natives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]