Zhubei borders Hukou Township to the north, Zhutong to the northeast, and the Taiwan Strait to its west. It is the discharge point of the Fongshan River and the Touqian River to the Taiwan Strait. Zhubei remains to be a satellite city of Hsinchu City after Hsinchu City had reformed to become a special municipality in 1982. Due to the disintegrate of Hsinchu City from the Hsinchu County and the naturalization of the Hsinchu County seat, Zhubei has acquired an increasing capital inflow of real estates and population.
Luchang Village, Tungping Village, Zhongxing Village, Aikou Village, Tunghai Village, Tungxing Village, Beixing Village, Shixing Village, Xingan Village, Wenhua Village, Doulun Village, Beilun Village, Xinlun Village, Zhubei Village, Zhuren Village, Fude Village, Zhuyi Village, Taihe Village, Xinshe Village, Xinguo Village, Lianxing Village, Mayuan Village, Xizhou Village, Xinzhuang Village, Baide Village, Xingang Village, Damei Village, Dayi Village, Shangyi Village, Chongyi Village.
The agricultural aspect of Zhubei has reformed from the crop plantations to floral and fruits that attracts tourists. Parts of Zhubei City have retained their traditional infrastructure following the demolition of the old city. There are several industrial parks in the city, which are Hsinchu Biomedical Science Park and Tai Yuen Hi-Tech Industrial Park.