Zhukovsky, Moscow Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Zhukovsky (inhabited locality).
Zhukovsky (English)
Жуковский (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Map of Russia - Moscow Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
Zhukovsky is located in Moscow Oblast
Zhukovsky
Zhukovsky
Location of Zhukovsky in Moscow Oblast
Coordinates: 55°35′50″N 38°07′13″E / 55.59722°N 38.12028°E / 55.59722; 38.12028Coordinates: 55°35′50″N 38°07′13″E / 55.59722°N 38.12028°E / 55.59722; 38.12028
Coat of Arms of Zhukovsky (Moscow oblast).svg
Flag of Zhukovsky (Moscow oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
City Day Third Sunday of August[citation needed]
Administrative status (as of January 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Zhukovsky City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Zhukovsky City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of May 2009)
Urban okrug Zhukovsky Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Zhukovsky Urban Okrug[2]
Head[citation needed] Andrey Voytuk[citation needed]
Representative body Council of Deputies[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 104,736 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 154th
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 1935[citation needed]
City status since April 23, 1947[citation needed]
Previous names Stakhanovo (until April 23, 1947)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 140180
Dialing code(s) +7 49648[citation needed]
Official website
Zhukovsky on WikiCommons

Zhukovsky (Russian: Жуко́вский) is a city in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Moskva River, 40 kilometers (25 mi) southeast of Moscow. Population: 104,736 (2010 Census);[3] 101,328 (2002 Census);[6] 100,609 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

The urban-type settlement of Stakhanovo was founded in 1935 from the dacha settlement Otdykh (literally, "Relaxation").[citation needed] It was named after Alexey Stakhanov, a famous Soviet miner. On April 23, 1947, the settlement was granted town status and renamed Zhukovsky, in honor of the pioneer of aero- and hydrodynamics Nikolay Zhukovsky.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as Zhukovsky City Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Zhukovsky City Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Zhukovsky Urban Okrug.[2]

Research and economy[edit]

Zhukovsky is a home to the M. M. Gromov Flight Research Institute known as LII and N. Ye. Zhukovsky Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute known as TsAGI—they are two major facilities involved in testing and designing aircraft. These facilities were employers for a great portion of the city's population before perestroika. Also, there is situated the Aeromechanics faculty of MIPT.

There are a number smaller, but also important enterprises, such as:

There are also some aviation design bureaus - Sukhoy, Ilyushin, Tupolev, etc. located in the area.

Machine-building, woodworking plants, spare parts factory, paper-mill Food industry - Inko, Nestlé, local bread-baking plant.

Sports[edit]

Zhukovsky is the center of track and field athletics in Moscow Oblast. Most notable athletes born in Zhukovsky are Yuriy Borzakovskiy, Yekaterina Podkopayeva, Andrey Yepishin, Dmitry Bogdanov, and others. In 2005, Meteor Stadium, a new world class athletics stadium was opened.

In 2008, President Vladimir Putin signed a presidential decree establishing the National Aircraft Construction Center.[8]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Zhukovsky is twinned with:

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #11/2013-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Law #171/2004-OZ
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Kommersant-Putin Inked Ruling to Create National Aircraft Construction Center in Zhukovsky

Sources[edit]

  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №11/2013-ОЗ от 31 января 2013 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области», в ред. Закона №24/2014-ОЗ от 21 марта 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области"». Вступил в силу на следующий день после официального опубликования (13 января 2013 г.). Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №24, 12 февраля 2013 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #11/2013-OZ of January 31, 2013 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Law #24/2014-OZ of March 21, 2014 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast". Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication (January 13, 2013).).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №171/2004-ОЗ от 15 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе и границе городского округа Жуковский», в ред. Закона №21/2012-ОЗ от 23 марта 2012 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Раменского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований", Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Люберецкого муниципального района, вновь образованного в его составе городского поселения и существующих на территории Люберецкого района Московской области муниципальных образований", Закон Московской области "О статусе и границе городского округа Бронницы" и Закон Московской области "О статусе и границе городского округа Жуковский"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №247, 29 декабря 2004 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #171/2004-OZ of December 15, 2004 On the Status and the Border of Zhukovsky Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #21/2012-OZ of March 23, 2012 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and Borders of Ramensky Municipal District and Newly Formed Municipal Formations Within Its Structure", Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and Borders of Lyuberetsky Municipal District, Newly Formed Urban Settlement Within Its Structure, and Existing Municipal Formations on the Territory of Lyuberetsky Municipal District of Moscow Oblast", Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and Borders of Bronnitsy Urban Okrug", and Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and Borders of Zhukovsky Urban Okrug". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).