Zhytomyr Oblast

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Zhytomyr Oblast
Житомирська область
Zhytomyrs'ka oblast’
Oblast
Flag of Zhytomyr Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Zhytomyr Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Житомирщина (Zhytomyrshchyna)
Zhytomyr in Ukraine (claims hatched).svg
Coordinates: 50°39′N 28°31′E / 50.65°N 28.52°E / 50.65; 28.52Coordinates: 50°39′N 28°31′E / 50.65°N 28.52°E / 50.65; 28.52
Country  Ukraine
Administrative center Zhytomyr
Government
 • Governor Sidor Kizin[1] (Svoboda[3])
 • Oblast council 97[2] seats
 • Chairperson Vitaliy Yosypovych Frantsuz (BYuT)
Area
 • Total 29,832 km2 (11,518 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 5th
Population (September 1, 2013[4])
 • Total Decrease1,266,938
 • Rank Ranked 16th
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code ?
Area code +380-41
ISO 3166 code UA-18
Raions 23
Cities (total)
— Regional cities
11
5
Urban-type settlements 43
Villages 1625
FIPS 10-4 UP27
Website www.zhitomir-region.gov.ua
"Volga Blue Granite" (anorthosite), a popular decorative stone quarried between the cities of Korosten and Zhytomyr, central Zhytomyr Oblast.

Zhytomyr Oblast (Ukrainian: Житомирська область, translit. Zhytomyrs’ka oblast’; also referred to as Zhytomyrshchyna - Ukrainian: Житомирщина) is an oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Zhytomyr.

History[edit]

The oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on September 22, 1937.

The oblast is located in the historic region of Polesia (Ukrainian: Полісся, translit. Polissia).

Geography[edit]

The total area of the Zhytomyr Oblast is 29,832 km2 (11,518 sq mi).

Among the points of interest it is important to mention the following sites that were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine:

The Museum of Ukrainian home icons, which is the only one in Europe, is situated in the Zhytomyr Oblast. It is located in Radomyshl, a small town, about 90 km away from Kyiv. The Museum is the part of the Radomysl Castle historical and cultural complex. It was founded by Olga Bogomolets.[5]

Population[edit]

The current estimated population of the oblast is 1,328,158 (as of 2006). Zhytomyr Oblast is the most important center of Polish minority in Ukraine, which is numbered there at 49,000.

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 15.8% Increase (male 103,194/female 97,617)
15-64 years: 68.1% Decrease (male 420,285/female 444,803)
65 years and over: 16.1% Decrease (male 65,301/female 138,472) (2013 official)

Median age[edit]

total: 39.4 years Increase
male: 36.1 years Increase
female: 42.6 years Increase (2013 official)

Economy[edit]

The economy of Zhytomyr Oblast mostly deals with mining of granite and other construction stone, forestry, agriculture and various machinery manufacturing.

The northern part of the province is highly affected by the Chernobyl disaster: some of the towns and raions are devastated and are included in the Chernobyl zone, while others are prohibited from producing their own agriculture.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The Zhytomyr Oblast is subdivided into 23 raions (districts), and 5 of its cities are designated as separate raions within the oblast.

The districts of the Zhytomyr oblast include:

Important cities[edit]

Detailed map of Zhytomyr Oblast.

Important cities of Zhytomyr Oblast include:

Nomenclature[edit]

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Zhytomyr is the center of the Zhytomyrs'ka oblast' (Zhytomyr Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Zhytomyr Oblast, Zhytomyrshchyna.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]