Zia'eddin Tabatabaee

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Seyyed Zia'eddin Tabatabaee
SeyyedZia.jpg
Prime Minister of Iran
In office
21 February 1921 – 4 June 1921
Monarch Ahmad Shah Qajar
Preceded by Fathollah Khan Akbar
Succeeded by Ahmad Qavam
Personal details
Born 1888
Shiraz, Iran
Died 29 August 1969
Tehran, Iran
Political party Homeland Party
Religion Twelver Shi'a Islam

Zia'eddin Tabatabaee (1888 – August 29, 1969) (Persian: سید ضیاءالدین طباطبایی‎) was an Iranian politician, Mayor of Tehran (1921-1923) and the Prime Minister of Iran (Persia) from February to May 1921 under Ahmad Shah, the last Shah of the Qajar dynasty.

Born in Shiraz, Tabatabaee came to power in a coup d'état with the help of Reza Khan Mirpanj, who later became the Shah of Persia (which then came to be formally recognized as Iran by the international community), as Reza Shah Pahlavi.

When Tabatabaee became prime minister, he was 33 years old. His career did have an early start however. In Shiraz, he first opened a newspaper called Banāy-i Islam (Foundations of Islam), followed by the newspaper Ra'd (Thunder) at the age of 23. After Ra'd was shut down by the authorities, he then published another newspaper called Bargh (Lightning), and became active in the Persian Constitutional Revolution.

His political tendencies were decidedly pro-British however. So much so, that even after his political career was over in Iran and sent into exile in the Palestine, he was to be hired as a senior consultant by the government of Afghanistan with Britain's backing. Tehran's government vehemently objected to this move, leading Kabul to back down on the initiative.

Coup Cabinet of Tabatabaee in 1921.

Tabatabaee died at the age of 80 of a heart attack in Tehran. He was buried in Ray.

Sometime after his death, the ownership of Tabatabaee's house was transferred to SAVAK and was then converted into what is today known as Evin Prison, the main prison where political prisoners are kept, both before the Iranian Revolution and afterwards.

See also[edit]

References used[edit]

The following reference was used for the above writing: 'Alí Rizā Awsatí (عليرضا اوسطى), Iran in the Past Three Centuries (Irān dar Se Qarn-e Goz̲ashteh - ايران در سه قرن گذشته), Volumes 1 and 2 (Paktāb Publishing - انتشارات پاکتاب, Tehran, Iran, 2003). ISBN 964-93406-6-1 (Vol. 1), ISBN 964-93406-5-3 (Vol. 2). (seyed zia: marde aval ya marde dovome koodeta Author : elahi, sadredin ISBN 978-1-59584-312-8 انتشارات شرکت کتاب)

Preceded by
Fathollah Khan Akbar
Prime Minister of Iran
1921
Succeeded by
Ahmad Qavam