Zidan al-Nasir

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Mawlay Zidan el Nasir (? – September 1627), sultan of Morocco of the Saadi Dynasty (r. 1603 – 1627), son of Ahmad al-Mansur, residing in Marrakech.

Civil war[edit]

During the reign of Zidan, after the death of Mulay al-Mansur in 1603, Morocco progressively fell into a state of anarchy, with the Sultan losing authority.[1] Salé became a sort of independent Republic.[1] Morocco was in a state of civil war with warlords taking territory from Zidan, such as Ahmed ibn Abi Mahalli in the South and Sidi al-Ayachi in the North.[2] The Spanish also seized the opportunity to capture the cities of Larache in 1610 and then al-Ma'mura.[2]

Foreign relations[edit]

Mulay Zidan established friendly relations with the Low Countries, with the help of envoys such as Samuel Pallache, and from 1609, he established a Treaty of Friendship. He sent several more envoys to the Low Countries, such as Muhammad Alguazir, Al-Hajari and Yusuf Biscaino.[3]

James I of England sent John Harisson to Muley Zaydan in Morocco in 1610 and again in 1613 and 1615 in order to obtain the release of English captives.[4]

By a coincidence the complete library of this sultan has been transmitted to us to the present day. Due to strange circumstances in a civil war the sultan Zidan Abu Maali had his complete collection transferred to a ship. The commander of the ship 'stole' the ship and brought it to Spain where the collection was transmitted to El Escorial.[5]

See also[edit]

El Escorial

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ships, money, and politics by Kenneth R. Andrews p.167
  2. ^ a b The Cambridge history of Islam by P. M. Holt, Ann K. S. Lambton, Bernard Lewis p.247
  3. ^ Romania Arabica by Gerard Wiegers p.410
  4. ^ Britain and Morocco during the embassy of John Drummond Hay, 1845-1886 by Khalid Ben Srhir, p.14 [1]
  5. ^ *For details of the incident see: Chantal de la Véronne, Histoire sommaire des Sa'diens au Maroc, 1997, p. 78.
    • Catalogue: Dérenbourg, Hartwig, Les manuscrits arabes de l'Escurial / décrits par Hartwig Dérenbourg. - Paris : Leroux [etc.], 1884-1941. - 3 volumes.
Preceded by
Ahmad al-Mansur
Saadi Dynasty
1603–1627
Succeeded by
Abu Marwan Abd al-Malik II

External links[edit]