Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation
|Owner||Government of Zimbabwe|
|1980 (succeeded ZRBC)|
|Rhodesian Broadcasting Corporation, and later
Zimbabwe Rhodesian Broadcasting Corporation
The Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC) is the state-controlled broadcaster in Zimbabwe. It was established as the Rhodesian Broadcasting Corporation (RBC), taking its current name in 1980. Like the RBC before it, the ZBC has been accused of being a government mouthpiece with no editorial independence.
Local radio stations run hourly news bulletins which range from two minutes to the longest being a ten-minute bulletin on weekends and holidays. Presenters include Oscar Pambuka, Admire Mhungu, Justin Mahlahla, Anna Miti, Tracey Sibanda, Abigail Tembo, Raviro Musendekwa and Keith Mawoyo.
On the national languages desk readers include Nqobile Malinga, Patience Machokoto, Nyasha Makota, Sitheni Nleya, Taboka Ncube, Faith Nare and Caroline Sithole.
Bulletins come out live on SFM at 7 am, 8 am, 1 pm, 6 pm and 8 pm and running from Monday to Friday.
The anchors are Marion Shaba, Yvonne Gawe, Violet Makoto, Theophilus Chuma, Ian Zvoma, Butler Nhepure and Jonathan Marerwa.
Television was introduced in Southern Rhodesia in 1960, only the second such service in sub-Saharan Africa after Nigeria, and the first such service in southern Africa, as South Africa did not introduce television until 1976. It was initially operated by a private company, Rhodesian Television (RTV) on behalf of the then Federal Broadcasting Corporation, the Central African Federation's state broadcaster. However, following the dissolution of the Federation in 1963, RTV was taken over by the government. The RBC initially acquired a 51 per cent stake in the service, which became part of the RBC in 1976. RBC TV was funded by advertising and a television licence fee. Television reception was confined mainly to the large cities, and most viewers were White Rhodesians.
Following independence, colour television was introduced in 1984, with a second channel, available only in Harare, being introduced in 1986. This channel was discontinued in 1997 and replaced by the first independent channel in Zimbabwe known as Joy TV, which operated on a lease agreement with the ZBC. This channel lasted until 2002, when it was controversially taken off the air for allegedly violating the Broadcasting Services Act. The ZBC re-established a second TV channel of its own, Channel 2, in April 2010.
ZBC TV news bulletins include the morning Good Morning Zimbabwe, lunchtime news, Nhau Indaba and News Hour.
Marion Shaba, the anchor, is usually the host of News Hour, while other Zimbabweans such as Oscar Pambuka, Ian Zvoma, Juliet Muzenda and Walter Mpfanochiya are also regular anchors.
- 'MuckRaker: ZBC has taken over the RBC's mantle', 16 February 2012
- Zimbabwe's Cinematic Arts: Language, Power, Identity, Katrina Daly Thompson, Indiana University Press, 2013, page 32
- Media, Public Discourse and Political Contestation in Zimbabwe, Henning Melber,Nordic Africa Institute, 2004, page 15
- Broadcasting: An Introduction, John R. Bittner, Prentice-Hall International, 1980, page 263
- A Concise Encyclopedia of Zimbabwe, Donatus Bonde, Mambo Press, 1988, page 410
- Culture and Customs of Zimbabwe, Oyekan Owomoyela, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002, page 58
- Zimbabwe: CURTAIN COMES DOWN ON JOY TV, Pambazuka, 6 June 2001
- Zimbabwe: ZBC to Launch Channel Two, The Herald, 13 April 2010
- ZBC-TV Programme Line Up