Zina Garrison

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Zina Garrison
Zina Garrison 1989 Paraguay stamp.jpg
Country  United States
Residence Houston, Texas, U.S.
Born (1963-11-16) November 16, 1963 (age 50)
Houston, Texas, U.S.
Height 1.64 m (5 ft 4 12 in)
Turned pro 1982
Retired 1997
Plays Right-handed (one handed-backhand)
Prize money $4,590,816
Singles
Career record 587–270
Career titles 14
Highest ranking No. 4 (November 20, 1989)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open SF (1983)
French Open QF (1982)
Wimbledon F (1990)
US Open SF (1988, 1989)
Doubles
Career record 436–231
Career titles 20
Highest ranking No. 5 (May 23, 1988)
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open F (1987, 1992)
French Open QF (1988, 1989, 1991, 1995)
Wimbledon SF (1988, 1990, 1991, 1993)
US Open SF (1985, 1991)
Mixed Doubles
Career titles 3
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Australian Open W (1987)
French Open SF (1989)
Wimbledon W (1988, 1990)
US Open SF (1987)
Team competitions
Fed Cup W (1989, 1990)
Hopman Cup F (1991)
Last updated on: July 12, 2008.

Zina Lynna Garrison (born November 16, 1963) is a former professional tennis player from the United States. During her career, she was a women's singles runner-up at Wimbledon in 1990, a three-time Grand Slam mixed doubles champion, and a women's doubles gold medalist at the 1988 Olympic Games. She is currently coaching Taylor Townsend.

Career[edit]

An African-American and the youngest of seven children, Garrison started playing tennis at the age of 10 and entered her first tournament at the age of 12. Her success as a junior player quickly made the tennis world take notice. At the age of 14 she won the national girls' 18s title. And then in 1981, she won both the Wimbledon and US Open junior titles and was ranked the World No. 1 junior player. Garrison graduated from Sterling High School in Houston in 1982.[1]

Garrison began suffering from the eating disorder bulimia when she was 19, following the death of her mother.[1] "I had never been comfortable with my looks and felt I had lost the only person who loved me unconditionally", Garrison told the British Observer Sport Monthly in 2006. "The pressure of being labeled 'the next Althea Gibson' only made things worse. I felt I was never going to be allowed to grow into just becoming me."[citation needed]

Garrison turned professional in 1982, and skipped her graduation at Ross Sterling High School to compete in the French Open, her first tournament as a professional, where she reached the quarterfinals before being knocked-out by Martina Navrátilová.

Despite battling bulimia during her first few years on the tour, Garrison enjoyed notable success on-court. She reached the Australian Open semifinals in her first full year on the tour – 1983 – and finished the year ranked World No. 10. She won her first top-level singles titles in 1984 at the European Indoor Championships in Zürich. She was a Wimbledon semifinalist in 1985, and in 1986, she won her first tour doubles at the Canadian Open (partnering Gabriela Sabatini).

At the Australian Open in 1987, Garrison won the mixed doubles (partnering Sherwood Stewart) and finished runner-up in the women's doubles (partnering Lori McNeil). A year later, Garrison and Stewart captured the mixed doubles title at Wimbledon.

At the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul, Garrison teamed with Pam Shriver to win the women's doubles gold medal for the United States, defeating Jana Novotná and Helena Suková of Czechoslovakia in the final. Garrison defeated Shriver in the quarterfinals of the singles event, where she won a bronze medal.[2] At the US Open, she defeated defending champion Navratilova for the first time in her career, advancing to the semifinals where she lost to Sabatini.

In 1989, Garrison defeated Chris Evert 7–6, 6–2 in the quarterfinals of the US Open in what proved to be the final Grand Slam singles match of Evert's career. Garrison subsequently lost to Navrátilová in the semifinals. She finished 1989 ranked a career-high World No. 4 in singles.

The highlight of Garrison's career came in 1990 at Wimbledon. She defeated French Open champion Monica Seles in the quarterfinals 3–6, 6–3, 9–7 and the defending Wimbledon champion and World No. 1 Steffi Graf in the semifinals 6–3, 3–6, 6–4 to reach her first (and only) Grand Slam singles final, becoming the first African-American woman to do so since Althea Gibson. There, she lost to Navrátilová 6–4, 6–1 who won her record ninth women's singles title at Wimbledon. However, Garrison claimed her third Grand Slam mixed doubles title at Wimbledon that year (partnering Rick Leach).

In 1992, Garrison finished runner-up in the Australian Open women's doubles (partnering Mary Joe Fernandez).

Garrison retired from the professional tour in 1996. During her career, she won 14 top-level singles titles and 20 doubles titles.

Personal life and post-tennis career[edit]

Garrison married Willard Jackson in September 1989; however the marriage ended in divorce in 1997.

Since retiring from the tour, Garrison has worked as a television commentator and maintained active roles in the community and in tennis. She founded the Zina Garrison Foundation for the Homeless in 1988, and the Zina Garrison All-Court Tennis Program, which supports inner-city tennis in Houston, in 1992. She has also served as a member of the United States President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports. She is a member of Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority.

Garrison has maintained a presence on the professional tennis scene, and was the captain for the U.S. Federation Cup team before relinquishing the role to Mary Joe Fernandez in 2008. This role involves coaching the team and giving on-court advice. She also led the U.S. women's team at the 2008 Beijing Games tennis event where team members Venus and Serena Williams won a doubles gold medal.[3]

After "piling on weight" in her 40's, she is now slated to participate in Season 16 of "The Biggest Loser."[4]

Major finals[edit]

Grand Slam finals[edit]

Singles 1 (0 titles, 1 runner–up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Runner-up 1990 Wimbledon Grass United States Martina Navratilova 6–4, 6–1

Women's doubles: 2 (0 titles, 2 runner–ups)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Runner-up 1987 Australian Open Grass United States Lori McNeil United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
6–1, 6–0
Runner-up 1992 Australian Open Hard United States Mary Joe Fernández Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
6–4, 7–6(7–3)

Mixed doubles: 6 (3 titles, 3 runner–ups)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1987 Australian Open Grass United States Sherwood Stewart United Kingdom Anne Hobbs
United Kingdom Andrew Castle
3–6, 7–6(7–5), 6–3
Winner 1988 Wimbledon Grass United States Sherwood Stewart United States Gretchen Magers
United States Kelly Jones
6–1, 7–6(7–3)
Runner-up 1989 Australian Open Hard United States Sherwood Stewart Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
United States Jim Pugh
6–3, 6–4
Runner-up 1990 Australian Open Hard United States Jim Pugh Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
United Kingdom Andrew Castle
4–6, 6–2, 6–3
Winner 1990 Wimbledon (2) Grass United States Rick Leach Australia Elizabeth Smylie
Australia John Fitzgerald
7–5, 6–2
Runner-up 1993 Australian Open Hard United States Rick Leach Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Australia Todd Woodbridge
7–5, 6–4

Olympics[edit]

Singles: 1 medal (1 bronze medal)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Bronze 1988 Seoul Hard Tied DNP

Garrison lost in the semi-finals to Steffi Graf 6–2, 6–0. In 1988, there was no bronze medal play off match, both beaten semi-final players received bronze medals.

Doubles: 1 (1 gold medal)[edit]

Outcome Year Location Surface Partner Opponents Score
Gold 1988 Seoul Hard United States Pam Shriver Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
4–6, 6–2, 10–8

WTA Career Finals[edit]

Singles: 36 (14–22)[edit]

Winner — Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–1)
WTA Tour Championships (0–0)
Tier I (0–0)
Tier II (0–8)
Tier III (5–2)
Tier IV (3–2)
Tier V (0–2)
Virginia Slims (6–7)
Titles by Surface
Hard (3–6)
Grass (4–4)
Clay (1–3)
Carpet (6–9)
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent Score
Runner-up 1. August 1, 1983 Indianapolis Clay Hungary Andrea Temesvári 2–6, 2–6
Runner-up 2. January 2, 1984 Washington Carpet (I) Czechoslovakia Hana Mandlíková 1–6, 1–6
Runner-up 3. September 24, 1984 New Orleans Carpet (I) United States Martina Navratilova 4–6, 3–6
Winner 1. October 29, 1984 Zürich Carpet (I) West Germany Claudia Kohde-Kilsch 6–1, 0–6, 6–2
Runner-up 4. January 14, 1985 Denver Carpet (I) United States Peanut Louie 4–6, 6–4, 4–6
Winner 2. April 15, 1985 Amelia Island Clay United States Chris Evert-Lloyd 6–4, 6–3
Runner-up 5. July 22, 1985 Indianapolis Clay Hungary Andrea Temesvári 6–7(0–7), 3–6
Winner 3. October 28, 1985 Zürich Carpet (I) Czechoslovakia Hana Mandlíková 6–1, 6–3
Runner-up 6. September 15, 1986 Tampa Hard United States Lori McNeil 6–2, 5–7, 2–6
Winner 4. October 27, 1986 Indianapolis Hard (I) United States Melissa Gurney 6–3, 6–3
Winner 5. January 5, 1987 Sydney Grass United States Pam Shriver 6–2, 6–4
Winner 6. February 9, 1987 San Francisco Carpet (I) West Germany Sylvia Hanika 7–5, 4–6, 6–3
Runner-up 7. August 17, 1987 Toronto Hard United States Pam Shriver 4–6, 1–6
Runner-up 8. October 24, 1988 Indianapolis Hard (I) Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva 3–6, 6–2, 2–6
Runner-up 9. February 13, 1989 Washington Carpet (I) West Germany Steffi Graf 1–6, 5–7
Winner 7. February 20, 1989 Oakland Carpet (I) Soviet Union Larisa Savchenko 6–1, 6–1
Runner-up 10. June 12, 1989 Birmingham Grass United States Martina Navratilova 6–7(5–7), 3–6
Winner 8. July 17, 1989 Newport Grass United States Pam Shriver 6–0, 6–1
Runner-up 11. July 31, 1989 San Diego Hard West Germany Steffi Graf 4–6, 5–7
Runner-up 12. October 30, 1989 Worcester Carpet (I) United States Martina Navratilova 2–6, 3–6
Winner 9. November 6, 1989 Chicago Carpet (I) Soviet Union Larisa Savchenko 6–3, 2–6, 6–4
Runner-up 13. February 19, 1990 Washington Carpet (I) United States Martina Navratilova 1–6, 0–6
Winner 10. June 11, 1990 Birmingham Grass Czechoslovakia Helena Suková 6–4, 6–1
Runner-up 14. June 25, 1990 Wimbledon Grass United States Martina Navratilova 4–6, 1–6
Runner-up 15. October 22, 1990 Dorado Hard United States Jennifer Capriati 7–5, 4–6, 2–6
Runner-up 16. February 11, 1991 Chicago Carpet (I) United States Martina Navratilova 1–6, 2–6
Runner-up 17. October 22, 1991 Brighton Carpet (I) Germany Steffi Graf 7–5, 4–6, 1–6
Winner 11. February 17, 1992 Oklahoma City Hard (I) United States Lori McNeil 7–5, 3–6, 7–6(12–10)
Runner-up 18. April 13, 1992 Houston Clay Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Monica Seles 1–6, 1–6
Winner 12. February 15, 1993 Oklahoma City Hard (I) United States Patty Fendick 6–2, 6–2
Runner-up 19. June 7, 1993 Birmingham Grass United States Lori McNeil 4–6, 6–2, 3–6
Runner-up 20. July 26, 1993 Stratton Mountain Hard Spain Conchita Martínez 3–6, 2–6
Winner 13. October 18, 1993 Budapest Carpet (I) Belgium Sabine Appelmans 7–5, 6–2
Runner-up 21. November 1, 1993 Oakland Carpet (I) United States Martina Navratilova 2–6, 6–7(1–7)
Runner-up 22. June 6, 1994 Birmingham Grass United States Lori McNeil 2–6, 2–6
Winner 14. June 12, 1995 Birmingham Grass United States Lori McNeil 6–3, 6–3

Doubles: 46 (20–26)[edit]

Winner — Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–2)
WTA Tour Championships (0–0)
Olympic Games (1–0)
Tier I (2–2)
Tier II (6–11)
Tier III (6–2)
Tier IV (0–0)
Tier V (0–1)
Virginia Slims (5–8)
Titles by Surface
Hard (8–7)
Grass (2–3)
Clay (3–5)
Carpet (7–11)
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1. August 4, 1986 Montreal Hard Argentina Gabriela Sabatini United States Pam Shriver
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
7–6(7–2), 5–7, 6–4
Runner-up 1. October 13, 1986 Filderstadt Carpet (I) Argentina Gabriela Sabatini United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
6–7(5–7), 4–6
Winner 2. October 27, 1986 Indianapolis Hard (I) United States Lori McNeil United States Candy Reynolds
United States Anne Smith
4–5 ret.
Runner-up 2. January 12, 1987 Australian Open Grass United States Lori McNeil United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
1–6, 0–6
Runner-up 3. February 9, 1987 San Francisco Carpet (I) Argentina Gabriela Sabatini Czechoslovakia Hana Mandlíková
Australia Wendy Turnbull
4–6, 6–7(4–7)
Runner-up 4. March 23, 1987 Washington Carpet (I) United States Lori McNeil United States Elise Burgin
United States Pam Shriver
1–6, 6–3, 4–6
Runner-up 5. April 6, 1987 Hilton Head Island Clay United States Lori McNeil Argentina Mercedes Paz
West Germany Eva Pfaff
6–7(6–8), 5–7
Runner-up 6. April 20, 1987 Houston Clay United States Lori McNeil United States Kathy Jordan
United States Martina Navratilova
2–6, 4–6
Runner-up 7. August 10, 1987 Los Angeles Hard United States Lori McNeil United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
3–6, 4–6
Winner 3. August 17, 1987 Toronto Hard United States Lori McNeil West Germany Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
6–1, 6–2
Winner 4. September 28, 1987 New Orleans Carpet (I) United States Lori McNeil United States Peanut Louie-Harper
United States Heather Ludloff
6–3, 6–4
Runner-up 8. October 12, 1987 Filderstadt Carpet (I) United States Lori McNeil United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
1–6, 2–6
Runner-up 9. November 9, 1987 Chicago Carpet (I) United States Lori McNeil West Germany Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
4–6, 3–6
Runner-up 10. February 8, 1988 Dallas Carpet (I) United States Gigi Fernández United States Lori McNeil
West Germany Eva Pfaff
6–2, 4–6, 5–7
Winner 5. March 7, 1988 Boca Raton Hard United States Katrina Adams West Germany Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
4–6, 5–7, 6–4
Runner-up 11. March 14, 1988 Key Biscayne Hard United States Gigi Fernández West Germany Steffi Graf
Argentina Gabriela Sabatini
6–7(3–7), 3–6
Winner 6. April 11, 1988 Amelia Island Clay West Germany Eva Pfaff United States Katrina Adams
United States Penny Barg
4–6, 6–2, 7–6(7–5)
Winner 7. April 18, 1988 Houston Clay United States Katrina Adams United States Lori McNeil
United States Martina Navratilova
6–7(4–7), 6–2, 6–4
Runner-up 12. August 15, 1988 Montreal Hard United States Pam Shriver Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
6–7(2–7), 6–7(6–8)
Winner 8. September 19, 1988 Seoul Hard United States Pam Shriver Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
4–6, 6–2, 10–8
Runner-up 13. October 24, 1988 Indianapolis Hard (I) United States Katrina Adams Soviet Union Larisa Savchenko
Soviet Union Natalia Zvereva
2–6, 1–6
Winner 9. November 25, 1988 Tokyo Carpet (I) United States Katrina Adams United States Gigi Fernández
United States Robin White
7–5, 7–5
Winner 10. January 31, 1989 Tokyo Carpet (I) United States Katrina Adams United States Mary Joe Fernández
West Germany Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
6–3, 6–3, 7–6(7–5)
Winner 11. April 24, 1989 Houston Clay United States Katrina Adams United States Gigi Fernández
United States Lori McNeil
6–3, 6–4
Winner 12. June 19, 1989 Eastbourne Grass United States Katrina Adams Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
6–3 ret.
Winner 13. February 19, 1990 Washington Carpet (I) United States Martina Navratilova United States Ann Henricksson
South Africa Dinky Van Rensburg
6–0, 6–3
Runner-up 14. June 18, 1990 Eastbourne Grass United States Patty Fendick Soviet Union Larisa Savchenko-Neiland
Soviet Union Natalia Zvereva
4–6, 3–6
Winner 14. August 6, 1990 San Diego Hard United States Patty Fendick United States Elise Burgin
South Africa Rosalyn Fairbank-Nideffer
6–4, 7–6(7–5)
Winner 15. October 15, 1990 Filderstadt Carpet (I) United States Mary Joe Fernández Argentina Mercedes Paz
Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
7–5, 6–3
Winner 16. March 15, 1991 Key Biscayne Hard United States Mary Joe Fernández United States Gigi Fernández
Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
7–5, 6–2
Runner-up 15. October 7, 1991 Zürich Carpet (I) United States Lori McNeil Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Czechoslovakia Andrea Strnadová
4–6, 3–6
Runner-up 16. October 22, 1991 Brighton Carpet (I) United States Lori McNeil United States Pam Shriver
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
1–6, 2–6
Runner-up 17. November 11, 1991 Philadelphia Carpet (I) United States Mary Joe Fernández Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Soviet Union Larisa Savchenko-Neiland
2–6, 4–6
Runner-up 18. January 6, 1992 Sydney Hard United States Mary Joe Fernández Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
6–7(4–7), 7–6(7–4), 2–6
Runner-up 19. January 13, 1992 Australian Open Hard United States Mary Joe Fernández Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
4–6, 6–7(3–7)
Runner-up 20. February 10, 1992 Chicago Carpet (I) United States Katrina Adams United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
4–6, 6–7(7–9)
Runner-up 21. April 6, 1992 Amelia Island Clay Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Commonwealth of Independent States Natasha Zvereva
1–6, 0–6
Runner-up 22. June 15, 1992 Eastbourne Grass United States Mary Joe Fernández Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Latvia Larisa Savchenko-Neiland
0–6, 3–6
Runner-up 23. August 10, 1992 Los Angeles Hard United States Pam Shriver Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
4–6, 2–6
Winner 17. February 8, 1993 Chicago Carpet (I) United States Katrina Adams United States Amy Frazier
United States Kimberly Po
7–6(7–3), 6–3
Winner 18. February 15, 1993 Oklahoma City Hard (I) United States Patty Fendick United States Katrina Adams
Netherlands Manon Bollegraf
6–3, 6–2
Runner-up 24. May 3, 1993 Rome Clay United States Mary Joe Fernández Czech Republic Jana Novotná
Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
4–6, 2–6
Winner 19. October 4, 1993 Zürich Carpet (I) United States Martina Navratilova United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 5–7, 6–3
Runner-up 25. March 21, 1994 Houston Clay United States Katrina Adams Netherlands Manon Bollegraf
United States Martina Navratilova
4–6, 2–6
Winner 20. June 6, 1994 Birmingham Grass Latvia Larisa Savchenko-Neiland Australia Catherine Barclay
Australia Kerry-Anne Guse
6–4, 6–4
Runner-up 26. October 30, 1995 Oakland Carpet (I) United States Katrina Adams United States Lori McNeil
Czech Republic Helena Suková
6–3, 4–6, 3–6

Grand Slam performance timeline[edit]

Singles[edit]

Tournament 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Career SR
Australian Open A A 1R SF 1R QF NH QF 2R QF QF 4R 4R 3R 1R 3R A 0 / 13
French Open A A QF 1R 4R 2R 3R A 4R 3R 1R 1R A 1R 1R 1R A 0 / 12
Wimbledon A A 4R 1R 2R SF 2R A QF 2R F QF 4R 4R QF 3R A 0 / 13
US Open 1R 1R 4R 4R 3R QF 4R 4R SF SF QF 4R 4R 3R 4R 4R 1R 0 / 17
SR 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 2 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 1 0 / 55
Career Statistics
Year End Ranking NR NR 16 10 9 8 11 9 9 4 10 12 18 14 24 22 255

Doubles[edit]

Tournament 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 Career SR
Australian Open A 1R 2R QF QF NH F SF 3R 1R 2R F QF QF 1R A A 0 / 13
French Open A 2R 1R 1R 1R 1R A QF QF 1R QF 1R 3R 3R QF A A 0 / 13
Wimbledon A 1R 2R 2R 2R 3R A SF QF SF SF QF SF 1R 3R A A 0 / 13
US Open 2R 1R 3R 1R SF QF QF 2R 3R 3R SF QF A A 3R 1R 1R 0 / 15
SR 0 / 1 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 2 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 54
Career Statistics
Year End Ranking 40 44 18 7 7 9 13 12 10 13 21 27 90 NR
  • NH = tournament not held.
  • A = did not participate in the tournament.
  • SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • A. P. Porter, Zina Garrison: Ace, First Ave. Editions, 1992

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b ESPN Classic – Garrison's biggest rally came off the court at espn.go.com (retrieved 2009-04-13)
  2. ^ Zina Garrison. sports-reference.com
  3. ^ "Harmon and Garrison to coach US teams in Beijing". 2008-03-19. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  4. ^ "The Biggest Loser" Season 16: Zina Garrison. LA Times

External links[edit]