Zingiberales

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Zingiberales
Temporal range: 80Ma
Late Cretaceous - Recent
Starr 061212-2337 Alpinia purpurata.jpg
Alpinia purpurata, a popular ornamental of the Zingiberaceae.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Zingiberales
Griseb.

Zingiberales is an order of flowering plants. The order has been widely recognised by the taxonomists, at least for the past few decades, and includes many familiar plants, such as ginger, cardamom, turmeric, galangal, and myoga of the Zingiberaceae or ginger family, and bananas and plantains of the Musaceae or banana family; arrowroot of the Marantaceae or arrowroot family, Ravenala with a single species in Madagascar, and Phenakospermum with a single species in northern South America forming Strelitziaceae family along with various types of Heliconias forming the Heliconiaceae family.

Species of the Zingiberales order, together with those of the Commelinales order, are thought to have evolved around 80 million years ago during the Late Cretaceous.

Classification[edit]

The APG III system, of 2009, and the APG II system (2003)] recognize this order and assign it to the clade commelinids, in the monocots. It is circumscribed as:

  • order Zingiberales

eg: Canna

eg: Costus, Spiral Ginger

eg: Heliconias

eg: Orchidantha

eg: Arrowroot

eg:Banana, Ensete, Plantain

eg: Strelitzia, Ravenala, Phenakospermum

eg: ginger, cardamom, turmeric, galangal, Shell Ginger, myoga, Red Ginger, Summer Tulip

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ The Cronquist system also recognised this order consisting of the same eight families, but organized the order in the subclass Zingiberidae of the class Liliopsida monocotyledons.

Earlier systems, such as the Wettstein system, last revised in 1935, and the Engler system, updated in 1964, recognised a similar order (containing the same plants, although divided over fewer families) Scitamineae.

External links[edit]