|Time zone||Yemen Standard Time (UTC+3)|
Zinjibar (Arabic: زنجبار) is a port and coastal town in south-central Yemen, the capital of Zinjibar District and the Abyan Governorate. It is located next to the Wadi Bana in the Abyan Delta. From 1962 to 1967, it was the administrative capital of the Fadhli Sultanate, although the royal residence remained at the former capital of Shuqrah. At the time of the 2004 census, Zinjibar's population numbered 19,879 inhabitants. The town supports a small seaside resort and fishing industry. Cotton (Gossypium barbadense) grown in the area is brokered in the market.
Zinjibar was a long-established trading center for commerce with the Far East. However, in 1163 (559 AH) the town was burned and destroyed by Abdel Nabi Ali Mahdi Yoosuf. It was rebuilt as is evidenced by 15th century Yemeni pottery at the Mazda (القريات) archaeological site, but was destroyed again in tribal warfare. In the 19th century, Fadhli Sultan Hussein bin Ahmed bin Abdullah re-established the town, and in the early 1920s his grandson, Sultan Abdul Qadir bin Ahmed bin Hussein, renamed the town Zinjibar in honor of a visit by Khalifa bin Harub, the Sultan of Zanzibar.
In May 2011, the town was reported as overtaken by Islamist militants as part of the 2011 Yemeni uprising. On June 12, 2012, the militants were driven out by the Yemeni army. On the same date, the neighboring town of Jaʿār, 15 kilometers or 9 miles to the north, was also retaken by the government forces.
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