Zishe Breitbart

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Siegmund Breitbart
Siegmund Breitbart2.jpg
Breitbart in November 1923
Born (1883-02-22)February 22, 1883
Stryków, Congress Poland
Died October 12, 1925(1925-10-12) (aged 42)
Berlin, Germany
Known for Strongman feats

Siegmund Breitbart (22 February 1883 – 12 October 1925) (Yiddish: זיגמונד ברייטברט), also known popularly as Zishe or Sische Breitbart (Yiddish: זישה ברייטברט), was a Polish-born circus performer, vaudeville strongman and Jewish folklore hero. He was known as the "Strongest Man in the World" and Eisenkönig ("Ironking") during the 1920s.

Post card written in Ydish showing the atlet in his last performance

Early life[edit]

Breitbart was born into an Observant Jewish family of blacksmiths in Strykow near Lodz (Poland), on February 22, 1893.[1]

Strongman[edit]

Breitbart performed extensively in Europe and America touring with the Circus Busch using a strength act themed to fit his former background as a blacksmith. He bent iron bars around his arm in floral patterns, bit through iron chains or tore them apart, and even broke horseshoes in half. As a showman, Breitbart feats also included holding back two whipped horses, pulling a wagon-load of people with his teeth and supporting enormous weights, such as automobiles loaded with up to 10 passengers, while lying on his back. Stones would be broken by sledgehammers on his chest. He also lifted a baby elephant, and while holding on to the elephant, he climbed a ladder and held a locomotive wheel by rope in his teeth while three men were suspended from the wheel.

Breitbart took one of the most popular feats among the strongmen of the era and made it part of his act. During The Tomb of Hercules, a bridge was built across his chest and heavy animals such as a bull, or an elephant, were paraded over the boards. But Breitbart took it a step further, he would support a motordrome on his chest while two men chased each other on motorcycles inside.

The grave of Siegmund Breitbart at Adass Jisroel graveyard, Berlin.

Seizing on the mail-order muscle development course craze of the time, Breitbart authored a book titled Muscular Power and the Breitbart mail-order course. The course was based around body-weight exercises and a special "Breitbart Apparatus", a progressive resistance exerciser made to simulate steel bending movements.

Death[edit]

Breitbart died eight weeks after he accidentally hurt himself during a strongman demonstration in Germany. He was stabbed in the knee by a spike he drove through five 1-inch-thick (25 mm) oak boards using only his bare hands. The wound became infected, which led to fatal blood poisoning. Although he endured 10 operations in which both legs were amputated, the infection was too severe. Breitbart died in October 1925. He was buried in the Adass-Jisroel cemetery in Berlin.

Legacy[edit]

Breitbart was played by Finnish strongman Jouko Ahola in a highly fictionalized account of his life in Werner Herzog's 2001 film Invincible.

He was also the inspiration for the children's book Zishe the Strongman by Robert Rubenstein, from Kar-Ben Publishing.

Some[2] have credited Breibart, who was billed during his 1923 American tour as "the Superman of the Ages," with inspiring Joe Siegel and Jerry Shuster to create the iconic superhero Superman.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ This date of year on the her grave; also a 1883 year is being given
  2. ^ Gordon, Mel (Summer 2011). "Step Right Up & Meet the World’s Mightiest Human— A Jewish Strongman from Poland Who Some Say Inspired the Creation of Superman!!!". Reform Judaism Magazine. Retrieved 30 Sep 2013.