Ziziphus spina-christi

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Ziziphus spina-christi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rhamnaceae
Genus: Ziziphus
Species: Z. spina-christi
Binomial name
Ziziphus spina-christi
(L.) Desf.
  • Rhamnus spina-christi L.

Ziziphus spina-christi, the Christ's Thorn Jujube, is an evergreen tree native to northern and tropical Africa and southern and Western Asia. It grows in Israel in valleys up to an elevation of 500m.[1]

Ziziphus spina-christi has significance to Jews[citation needed], Christians and Muslims, and is by some traditions the tree from which Jesus's Crown of Thorns was made.[2]

The ripe fruits are edible[3] and the flowers are an important source of honey in Eritrea and Yemen.[4]


  1. ^ Zohary M. Flora Palaestina. II. Jerusalem: The Israel Academy of Science and Humanities; 1972. pp. 307–308 cited in Amots Dafni, Shay Levy, and Efraim Lev, The ethnobotany of Christ's Thorn Jujube (Ziziphus spina-christi) in Israel, doi:10.1186/1746-4269-1-8, PMC 1277088, PMID 16270941 
  2. ^ Flowers of Israel 
  3. ^ Eden Foundation. "Nutritional study on Ziziphus spina-christi". eden-foundation.org. Retrieved 2014-06-11. 
  4. ^ http://www.beesfordevelopment.org/info/info/flora/christs-thorn-ziziphus-sp.shtml

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