Zlín Z 26
|Z-126 Trener II|
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Zlin Trener is a family of aircraft that was based on a basic training aircraft, the Z-26.
The original Z-26 was designed in late 1940s and produced in 1946 by Czechoslovakian company Moravan, as a basic trainer to replace the Bücker Jungmann and Bestmann. The Z-26 was a low-winged monoplane of mixed construction, with wooden wings and a welded metal tube fuselage, powered by a single four-cylinder piston engine, the Walter Minor 4-III. It first flew in early 1947, proving superior to the competing Praga 112, and was declared the winner, entering production in 1948.
Later Z-26 variants were optimised to participate in aerobatic competitions and many were owned by private parties.
The following variants were progressive improvements on the Z-26:
- Z-26 - two-seat primary trainer aircraft. 163 built.
- Z-126 - all-metal wing replaced the wooden wing
- Z-226 - more powerful Walter Minor 6-III six-cylinder engine
- Z-326 - 160hp model with an electrically retractable undercarriage
- Z 526 - with the Walter 6-III six-cylinder engine (equipped with carburetor)
- Z-726 - shorter wing (9.87 meter span), shorter fuselage (7.98 meter length) with two seats. Avia M-137 AZ inverted six-cylinder engine with Fuel injection. All-metal except for fabric-covered aft fuselage. Cantilever low wing with wide-span flaps. Electrically-retractable undercarriage with tailwheeel. Tandem seating.
- Z-726K - variant of the 726 with a supercharged Avia M 337K engine (210 HP) and variable-pitch propeller. Not in serial production
Many sub-variants were also produced, for example the Z-526A and Z-526AFS were aerobatic specials. Production of the Z 26 series ended in the 1970s with the 726.
- Air Force and Anti-Aircraft Defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina - One civil aircraft impressed into service in 1995.
- Cuban Air Force
- Czechoslovakian Air Force
- East Germany
- East German Air Force
- Egyptian Air Force
- Air Force of Mozambique
- Republika Srpska
- Republika Srpska Air Force - One civil aircraft impressed into service in 1995.
- Romanian Air Force ^ Aeroclubul Romaniei /Romanian Airclub
- Vietnam People's Air Force
- SFR Yugoslav Air Force
Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1976-77 
- Crew: 2 (pilot and passenger; could be flown from either seat)
- Length: 7.98 m (26 ft 2 in)
- Wingspan: 9.87 m (32 ft 5 in)
- Height: 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in)
- Wing area: 14.89 m2 (160.3 sq ft)
- Airfoil: NACA 2418 / NACA 4412
- Empty weight: 700 kg (1,543 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 1,000 kg (2,205 lb) for standard flight (940 kg aerobatic)
- Powerplant: 1 × Avia M137AZ 6-cyl. inverted air-cooled in-line piston engine, 134 kW (180 hp)
- Propellers: 2-bladed
- Maximum speed: 237 km/h (147 mph; 128 kn) at sea level
- Cruising speed: 216 km/h (134 mph; 117 kn)
- Stall speed: 98 km/h (61 mph; 53 kn)
- Range: 440 km (273 mi; 238 nmi) with std fuel
- Service ceiling: 4,500 m (14,764 ft)
- g limits: 6/-3
- Rate of climb: 5 m/s (980 ft/min)
- Wing loading: 67.16 kg/m2 (13.76 lb/sq ft) std flight wt
- Power/mass: 7.46 kg/kW
- Podesva Trener, a reproduction of the Zlín 126
- Mourik 2001, p. 61
- Taylor 1989, p. 908
- Flying: 100. May 1966.
- Flying Magazine: 49. August 1961.
- Zlin Z 726 Universal, Encyclopedia of The World's Commercial and Private Aircraft p. 248, Crescent Books, New York NY (1981)
- Taylor 1976, pp. 33–34.
- Mondey, David. Encyclopedia of The World's Commercial and Private Aircraft. Crescent Books, New York NY (1981). p. 248.
- Mourik, Dick van. "A to Zlin: An Illustrated History of a Light Aircraft Dynasty". Air Enthusiast, No. 93, May/June 2001. Stamford, UK:Key Publishing. ISSN 0143 5450. pp. 59–65.
- Taylor, John W R. (editor). Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1976-77. London: Jane's Yearbooks, 1976. ISBN 0-354-00538-3.
- Taylor, Michael J.H. (editor). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London:Bracken Books, 1989. ISBN 1-85170-324-1.
- AERO Hobby 2011/1 pp.71-72. ISSN 1214-4975
Media related to Zlín Z-26 at Wikimedia Commons