Zlaté Moravce

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Coordinates: 48°22′42″N 18°23′48″E / 48.37833°N 18.39667°E / 48.37833; 18.39667
Zlaté Moravce
Town
Zlate Moravce (6).jpg
View of the town center
Country Slovakia
Region Nitra
District Zlaté Moravce
Tourism region Dolná Nitra
River Žitava
Elevation 196 m (643 ft)
Coordinates 48°22′42″N 18°23′48″E / 48.37833°N 18.39667°E / 48.37833; 18.39667
Area 27.15 km2 (10.48 sq mi)
Population 13,345 (2006-12-31)
Density 492 / km2 (1,274 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1113
Mayor Peter Lednár
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 953 01
Area code +421-37
Car plate ZM
Location of Zlaté Moravce in Slovakia
Location of Zlaté Moravce in Slovakia
Location of Zlaté Moravce in the Nitra Region
Location of Zlaté Moravce in the Nitra Region
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS
Website: www.zlatemoravce.eu

Zlaté Moravce (1776 Morawce, Hungarian: Aranyosmarót, German: Goldmorawitz) is a town in south-western Slovakia.

Basic data[edit]

It is the capital and the biggest town of Zlaté Moravce District. It is approximately 120 km from the Slovak capital Bratislava and 32 km from Nitra.

History[edit]

The town is situated on the banks of the river Žitava, in the northern part of the Podunajská Heights. Nowadays, it also includes the area of formerly separate boroughs Chyzerovce and Prílepy. Thanks to its favourable location on the natural terrace of the river Žitava, the traces of the continuous settlement of this area go back to the Paleolithic Age. The rich archeological findings in the town area also prove intensive Great Moravian settlement in the 9th-10th century. A unique finding – a golden pectoral cross – is associated with this settlement.

The origin of the oldest name of the borough "Morowa" in the Charter of Zobor of 1113 is related to that time as well. This charter is the oldest written proof of the existence of Moravce as Zobor Monastery’s property. The borough that was situated on the important route to Tekov was already in the 13th century dominated by a small Roman church surrounded by a cemetery, which was located on the site of today’s square.

The first written mentions of the town are from 12th century A.D. (1113 Morowa, 1284 Marouth). "Moravce" [pronounced app. Moravtseh], a word in plural, was a frequent settlement name in Slovakia and means "settlement of (the tribe) Moravians". The attribute "zlaté", meaning "golden", was added only later in order to distinguish the settlement's name from all the other "Moravce"s. Ottomans plundered the city in 1530 and 1573.

Rivers (Žitava, Zlatnanka) in the surrounding areas were known in the past for gold washing. Note the name of the second river. In the Slavic languages Zlato means gold.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2001 census, the town had 15,618 inhabitants. 97.09% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 0.60% Czechs and 0.29% Hungarians.[1] The religious makeup was 82.52% Roman Catholics, 10.59% people with no religious affiliation and 1.48% Lutherans.[1] An active Jewish community had existed here until the Holocaust. Zlaté Moravce has a town status from 1960.

Industry[edit]

The town is known for the production of kitchen technologies and building materials - bricks.

Famous people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2008-01-11. Retrieved 2008-01-13. 

External links[edit]