Zlatko Lagumdžija

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Zlatko Lagumdžija
Zlatko Lagumdžija.jpg
Vice Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Incumbent
Assumed office
12 January 2012
Prime Minister Vjekoslav Bevanda
In office
25 October 1993 – 30 January 1996
Prime Minister Haris Silajdžić
Foreign Minister
Incumbent
Assumed office
12 January 2012
Prime Minister Vjekoslav Bevanda
Deputy Ana Trišić-Babić
Preceded by Sven Alkalaj
In office
23 December 2002 – 2003
Prime Minister Adnan Terzić
In office
18 July 2001 – 15 March 2002
Prime Minister Himself
12th Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina
In office
18 July 2001 – 15 March 2002
Preceded by Božidar Matić
Succeeded by Dragan Mikerević
President of the Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina
In office
1997–2014
Preceded by Nijaz Duraković
Succeeded by Nermin Nikšić
Personal details
Born (1955-12-26) 26 December 1955 (age 59)
Sarajevo, SR Bosnia and Herzegovina, Yugoslavia
Nationality Bosniak
Political party SDP
Spouse(s) Amina Lagumdžija
Children 3
Religion Sunni Islam

Zlatko Lagumdžija[pronunciation?] (born 26 December 1955) is a Bosnian politician.[1] He is known for his leadership of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) of Bosnia and Herzegovina. He is currently serving as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Education[edit]

Lagumdžija earned his high school diploma as a part of the Youth for Understanding exchange student program in Allen Park, Michigan in 1973. His subsequent education was at the University of Sarajevo, where he earned a B.Sc in 1977, an M.Sc in 1981 and a PhD in 1988 in the field of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering. In 1989, as a Fulbright program participant, he did postdoctoral research at the University of Arizona in the Department of Management Information Systems and the Center for the Management of Information.

Academic career[edit]

Lagumdžija began teaching at the University of Sarajevo in 1989 as a professor of Management Information Systems (MIS) and Informatics at the Economics Faculty and Projected Information Systems and Group Support Systems at the Electrical Engineering Faculty. He has served as the chair of the department of Management and Information Systems at the Economics Faculty since 1994 and the director of the director of the Management and Information Technologies Center (an organizational unit of the Economics Faculty) since 1995. His particular academic interests lie in the areas of Group Support Systems and Management Information Systems. He is also interested in the strategic use of information technology for business process reengineering, managing transition and leading change. He is the author of six books and over a hundred papers in the field of Management Information Systems.[2]

At the end of the war, Lagumdžija helped to secure funds from the Soros Foundation with which to rebuild the Group Support System facility at the University of Sarajevo. The strategic objective of the Management and Information Technologies Center, which housed the GSS facility, was to "assist and promote the transition of Bosnia-Herzegovina (B-H) to a democratic, market-driven economy."[3] As a part of that mandate, the Center held sessions for key business and government leaders as well as students at the University of Sarajevo utilizing GSS technology to assist them in thinking about and planning for the economic reconstruction of Sarajevo.

Political career[edit]

Wartime political career[edit]

Lagumdžija began his political career during the war as the Deputy Prime Minister. In that role, he advised then-president Alija Izetbegović. In one particular case he advised him not to sign the Vance-Owen peace plan: "Mr Izetbegović was not endorsing it, but thinking out loud and saying perhaps the plan would not be so bad, that we could live with it. And some of us told him, 'Anyone who signs this plan will be dead, and not just politically…'" he told a New York Times reporter in February 1993.[4] Izetbegović signed the peace plan in March 1993.

In May 1992, Lagumdžija was with Alija Izetbegović, Izetbegović’s daughter Sabina and his bodyguard, returning from the Lisbon negotiations, when they were surrounded at the Sarajevo airport by the JNA, kidnapped and driven in a convoy to Lukavica, in Serb-held territory.[5]

In April, 1993, Lagumdžija met with a group of citizens from Srebrenica who had journeyed through the Serb lines to Sarajevo. They informed him of the desperate situation of Srebrenica and the eastern Bosnian enclaves. In an effort to highlight the plight of Srebrenica, Lagumdžija suspended humanitarian aid donations for Sarajevo until aid was delivered to the eastern enclaves. A month later, UN Commander Philippe Morillon visited Srebrenica and declared the citizens under the protection of the UN.[6]

Post-war political career[edit]

As a member of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Lagumdžija has served as a member of the House of Representatives of the Parliamentary Assembly from 1996 until 2014. He has been the president of the SDP from 1997 to 2014. In the 2000 general elections, the SDP formed a coalition with the Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina (SBiH), a party founded and led by former wartime prime minister Haris Silajdžić, to gain the majority and force the nationalist parties out of power. They gathered a coalition of many other small parties to create the "Alliance for Change." Lagumdžija became the Foreign Minister, a post he served in from 2001–2003, and also the Chairman of the Council of Ministers, (i.e. the Prime Minister, as which he served until 2002).

When the SDP came into political power on a platform of economic reform and anti-corruption, Lagumdžija was lauded by the Western powers as the hopeful "face of a pluralistic, united Bosnia."[7] The SPD-led government facilitated the passage of the Election Law, which was not only an important step towards democracy, but also a prerequisite towards Bosnia's accession to the Council of Europe.[8] The SDP led the coalition government until the October 2002 general elections, when the public, dissatisfied at the pace of political reform, elected the nationalist parties back into power.[9]

Member of the Club of Madrid[1]. [10]

Controversy[edit]

Algerian six[edit]

At the end of 2001, six citizens of Algerian origin (the so-called "Algerian Six") were accused of planning a terrorist attack on the US embassy in Sarajevo. They were taken into custody in October, and the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Lagumdžija then being prime minister) revoked their citizenship in November. After a 3-month-process, the Supreme Court of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina ordered their release based on lack of evidence. However, Washington came out with a request for their extradition because "the US still believes they are a threat to American interests and that the US Government refused to publicly disclose evidence to the court in Bosnia and Herzegovina because it would endanger it's methods of intelligence-gathering." While the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina was deciding about this request, protests broke out in front of the Sarajevo prison. Eventually, Lagumdžija's government yielded to the demand, and the six were deported to Guantanamo Bay [11] In 2009, an investigation by the Cantonal prosecution of Sarajevo against Lagumdžija, the ex-Minister of intern affairs of the Federation Tomislav Limov and others involved was launched but later dropped. Another one was launched three years later, but it was dropped quickly too. Two of the three that returned to Bosnia still hold Lagumdžija responsible for their illegal imprisonment and filed a lawsuit against the state.[12]

"Coup d'état affair"[edit]

In September 2003, Lagumdžija and Munir Alibabić, the former director of the Federation Intelligence and Security Service (FOSS), were accused of conspiring to take over the government by Ivan Vuksić, the FOSS director at the time. The accusations were based on the illegal recordings of telephone conversations between the two men. The Sarajevo daily paper Dnevni Avaz, picked up the story and ran a series of articles which attacked Lagumdžija and blamed him of being behind the August 2003 explosions that had taken place in Sarajevo. Lagumdžija denied the accusations and released a public statement to the court, which read in part, "Any well-informed and well-intentioned person will know that all these accusations are based on vicious lies, and that their progenitors are provoking a situation, which would bring them to face justice in court in any organized democratic state."[13] The courts dismissed the accusations, Lagumdžija eventually sued Dnevni Avaz for libel and the newspaper was ordered to pay him 10,000 KM in damages.

World Economic Forum[edit]

As he took foreign minister office in 2010, Lagumdžija was at the same time head of the Centre for Management and Information Technologies (MIT) of the Faculty of Economy, University of Sarajevo. Since than, MIT sent false informations about the economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the World Economic Forum (WEF), making the situation look better than it actually is. This was the reason why WEF banned Bosnia and Herzegovina from its prestigious Global Competitiveness Report in September 2014. Moreover, prior he entered the government, when he was in the opposition, as the head of MIT, Lagumdžija also sent false informations, but making the informations about the economy worse than they actually were. He was than criticised by the government for sending false informations on purpose to damage the government. Bosnia and Herzegovina is the only country, along with Ecuador to be banned from the WEF competitiveness ranking list for the same reason.[14]

Personal life[edit]

Lagumdžija is married to Amina, and has three children, Dina, Zlatko-Salko, and Asja-Zara. His father Salko (1921–1973) was mayor of Sarajevo from 1965 to 1967.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.setimes.com/cocoon/setimes/xhtml/en_GB/newsbriefs/setimes/newsbriefs/2010/10/06/nb-07
  2. ^ Lagumdzija, Z. Retrieved 18 October 2006. Web site: http://www.zlatko-lagumdzija.ba/cv_en.htm
  3. ^ Zlatko Lagumdzija, Mark Adkins, Doug Vogel, "Rebuilding Sarajevo Using Partnerships" hicss, p. 479, 30th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS) Volume 2: Information Systems Track-Collaboration Systems and Technology, 1997.
  4. ^ Gelb, Leslie H. "Sarajevo, Dead and Alive. [Op-Ed]" The New York Times, 7 February 1993: E21.
  5. ^ Silber, L., & Little, A. (1996). Yugoslavia: Death of a nation. New York: Penguin, 231-243.
  6. ^ Ibid, 266.
  7. ^ Kaminski, Matthew. "The West’s man in Bosnia." Wall Street Journal 28 June 2000: A16.
  8. ^ (2001). OHR and OSCE Welcome Adoption of Election Law. Retrieved 1 November 2006, from OHR. Web site: http://www.ohr.int/ohr-dept/presso/pressr/default.asp?content_id=5393
  9. ^ (2006). Bosnia Herzegovina Update. Retrieved 1 November 2001, from European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. Web site: http://www.europeanforum.net/country/bosnia/
  10. ^ (English) The Club of Madrid is an independent organization dedicated to strengthening democracy around the world by drawing on the unique experience and resources of its Members – 66 democratic former heads of state and government.
  11. ^ http://ba.voanews.com/content/a-29-a-2002-01-18-5-1-85914442/670547.html
  12. ^ http://balkans.aljazeera.net/vijesti/tuzbe-protiv-bih-zbog-7-godina-u-guantanamu
  13. ^ Alic, A. (2003). Quelling coups. Transitions Online
  14. ^ Momić, Darko (12 September 2014). "Lagumdžija slao lažne podatke!". Press (in Serbian). Retrieved 13 September 2014. 

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