Zlatna

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For the village in Poland, see Złatna. For the village of Dobroț in Hunedoara County, see Tomeşti, Hunedoara.
Zlatna
Town
Skyline of Zlatna
Zlatna is located in Romania
Zlatna
Zlatna
Location of Zlatna
Coordinates: 46°09′32″N 23°13′16″E / 46.15889°N 23.22111°E / 46.15889; 23.22111Coordinates: 46°09′32″N 23°13′16″E / 46.15889°N 23.22111°E / 46.15889; 23.22111
Country  Romania
County Alba County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Silviu Ponoran (National Liberal Party)
Area
 • Total 254.26 km2 (98.17 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 8,607
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Zlatna (German: Schlatten, Goldenmarkt; Hungarian: Zalatna; Latin: Ampellum) is a town in Alba County, central Transylvania, Romania. It has a population of 8,607.

Administration[edit]

The town administers eighteen villages: Botești (Golddorf), Budeni (Higendorf), Dealu Roatei (Rotberg), Dobrot, Dumbrava, Feneș (Wildendorf), Galați (Galz), Izvoru Ampoiului (Gross-Ompeil), Pârău Gruiului (Gruybach), Pătrângeni (Peters), Pirita (Pfirth), Podu lui Paul (Pauls), Runc (Goldrücken), Ruși (Rusch), Suseni (Oberdorf), Trâmpoiele (Trempojel), Valea Mică (Kleinwasser) and Vâltori (Waldrücken).

Geography[edit]

Located 36 km north-west of Alba Iulia, in the Zlatna depression, the town lies at the confluence of Ampoi River with Valea Morilor creek.

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1977 10,027 —    
1992 9,391 −6.3%
2002 9,254 −1.5%
2011 7,182 −22.4%
Source: Census data

A gold mining settlement has existed in the area since Roman times, when it was known as a municipium under the name of Ampellum. The name Zlatna (derived from the Slavic term for gold) was first recorded in a 1347 document. In 1387, it was awarded town status. During 1619-1620 Gabriel Bethlen, brought to Zlatna a few hundred German and Slovakian settlers for mining work. Zlatna regained its town status in 1968, after a time when it was officially a commune.

References[edit]