Zmaj Fizir FN

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Zmaj Fizir FN
Fizir FN.jpg
Fizir FN on display in the Museum of Aviation
Role Trainer (aircraft)
National origin Yugoslav
Manufacturer Zmaj aircraft,

Rogožarski
Albatros Sremska Mitrovica

Designer Rudolf Fizir, Dušan Stankov and Ivan Rukavina
First flight 1929
Introduction 1931
Retired 1950
Primary user Yugoslav Royal Air Force
Number built 206[1]+ 4 Floatplane[2]

The Zmaj Fizir FN (Serbian Cyrillic:Змај Физир ФН) was a plane designed crates school primary (initial) training of pilots in Yugoslav before World War II. It was constructed in Zmaj, a Zemun-based factory, in the Rogožarski factory in Belgrade, and Albatros in Sremska Mitrovica.

Design and development[edit]

Aircraft Fizir FN

The first prototype of Fizir FN (Fizir trainer) aircraft was designed and manufactured in Rudolf Fizir Workshop in Petrovaradin in 1929. Rudolf Fizir's workshop did not have the capacity for industrial production of aircraft, their area of work was design and prototyping. Although being small, this workshop played a significant role in the development of Yugoslav aeronautics after it emerged and was used for the training of engineers who later became important and famous in our aeronautical engineering.[3] Many successful airplane prototypes from this workshop were later produced in Yugoslav airplane factories.

Fizir FN was a single-engine two-seat biplane trainer with a pair of struts on each side. The wings were rounded at the tips and the flaps were located on both the lower and upper wings. The landing gear was fixed to the hinge axis. For amortization either coil springs and rubber (old type) or the rings of sand (later types) were used. The wooden structure of the fuselage and the wings were covered with a canvas. While the aircraft was in production, it underwent several refinements, aircraft was continually being refined, so that there are several sub-types of these aircraft, depending on engines installed.

Operational history[edit]

The first three aircraft was produced by the Zmaj aircraft factory for the Aero Club.[4] Given excellent flight characteristics, the Air Force Command decided to use it to replace all training aircraft that had been in use for basic training previously. At that time, for basic training pilot schools used Ikarus SB-1 (Mali Brandenburg) with a Mercedes engine 73 kW (100 hp) manufactured in 1924, so Zmaj built Hanriot H-320 with 90 kW (120 hp) Salmson engines manufactured in 1928. In the beginning of 1931, Zmaj produced and delivered first 20 serial Fizir FN aircraft with Walter radial engine and 10 with Mercedes 120HP inline engine. By 1939, Zmaj produced 137 aircraft, Rogožarski fabricated 40 aircraft and in the 1940 the Sremska Mitrovica-based Albatros factory produced additional 20 aircraft of this type. Before the war, the Navy Aviation ordered four hydro Fizir FN (Floatplane) with floats and with a more powerful 106 kW Walter Mars engine. The production of last 10 Fizir FN aircraft started in 1943 in Zmaj for IS Croatian Air Force, but were not finished until the liberation, when they were handed over to Aeronautical Federation of Yugoslavia.[1]

During World War II, Yugoslav-manufactured aircraft were used by Italy in Albania, and by IS Croatia. Aircraft Fizir FN was reliable, easy to fly and maintain, so this plane stayed operative for many years (almost till 1950), as basic pilot training aircraft, both in military and civilian aviation, including sports flying.

A copy of this plane is kept in the Museum of Yugoslav aviation at Belgrade Nikola Tesla airport.[5]

Operators[edit]

 Kingdom of Yugoslavia
 Yugoslavia
 NDH
 Italy

Variants[edit]

  • Fizir FN – Mercedes – with the engine Mercedes 88 kW,
  • Fizir FN – Walter – with the engine Walter NZ-120 88 kW and
  • Fizir FN – Walter-Mars – seaplane with the engine Walter-Mars 106 kW, (seaplane nicknamed "Little Fizir" or "Fizir Mars").

Specifications[edit]

Data from [7]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 8.80 m (28 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 11.20 m (36 ft 9 in)
  • Height: 3.10 m (10 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 32.50 m2 (349.8 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 820 kg (1,808 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,426 kg (3,144 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Walter NZ 120 7-cylinder radial, 88 kW (118 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 120 km/h (75 mph; 65 kn) 140 at sea level
  • Range: 540 km (336 mi; 292 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 6,500 m (21,325 ft)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Петровић, O. (2004). Војни аероплани Краљевине СХС/Југославије (Део II: 1931–1941.). Београд: МВЈ Лет 3.
  2. ^ Isaić, Vladimir; Frka Danijel (2010.). "Seaplane purchases in the period 1921–1940" (in English)). Naval Aviation at the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea 1918–1941 (Volume 1). -{CRO}--Zagreb: Tko zna zna. pp. 147–148. ISBN 978-953-97564-6-6.
  3. ^ С. Микић; Историја југословенског ваздухопловства, Шт. Д. Грегорић, Београд,1933.
  4. ^ Janic, Cedomir; Ognjan Petrovic (2011). The Century of Sport Aviation in Serbia. Beograd: Aerokomunikacije. pp. 1–16. 
  5. ^ http://www.muzejvazduhoplovstva.org.rs/eksponati.php?jez=sr&id=3
  6. ^ В. Микић; Зракопловство НДХ 1941–1945, ВИИВЈ, Београд, 2000.
  7. ^ Janić, Čedomir, Rogožarski AŽR, Aeromagazin (in Serbian) 17, p. 34, ISSN 1450-6068 

References[edit]

  • Grey, C.G. (1972). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1938. London: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-5734-4. 
  • Gunston, Bill (1989). World Encyclopaedia of Aero Engines (2 ed.). Wellingborough: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 95. ISBN 1-85260-163-9. 
  • Janic, Cedomir; Ognjan Petroivic (2011). The Century of Sport Aviation in Serbia. Beograd: Aerokomunikacije. pp. 1–16. 
  • Janić, Čedomir; O. Petrović (2011). Short History of Aviation in Serbia. Beograd: Aerokomunikacije. ISBN 978-86-913973-2-6. 
  • Зачетници авијације, ИРО "Вук Караџић" и "Службени лист СФРЈ", Београд, 1988.
  • Д. Лучић: Основи практичне аеродинамике са описима аероплана, Библиотека "Ваздухопловног Гласника", Нови Сад, 1936,
  • О. Петровић., Војни аероплани Краљевине СХС/Југославије (Део II: 1931–1941.), Лет 3/2004. Београд, 2004.
  • 3. Ж. Вељовић., Пет деценија Змаја, ИПМ Змај Земун, 1972.
  • В. Илић., Школе војног ваздухопловства Краљевине СХС/Југославије, Лет 3/2004. Београд, 2004.
  • Војна Енциклопедија, Београд, 1971.
  • С. Микић; Историја југословенског ваздухопловства, Шт. Д. Грегорић, Београд,1933.
  • Ш. Оштрић и М. Мицевски.; Летећи Чунови: Чамци који лете – летилице које плове, Изложба фотографија, Галерија '73, Београд, 14–27. септембра 2007. год.
  • В. Микић; Зракопловство НДХ 1941–1945, ВИИВЈ, Београд, 2000.
  • Јанић, Чедомир; Петровић, Огњан; (2010.). Век авијације у Србији 1910–2010, 225 значајних летелица (на ((sr))). Београд: Аерокомуникације. ISBN 978-86-913973-0-2.
  • Isaić, Vladimir; Frka Danijel (2010). "Seaplane purchases in the period 1921–1940". Naval Aviation at the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea 1918–1941 1. -{CRO}--Zagreb: Tko zna zna. pp. 147–148. ISBN 978-953-97564-6-6. 

External links[edit]